Differential regulation of epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor-alpha messenger ribonucleic acid in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus induced by stresses

Xuemo Fan, Gregg Thomas Nagle, Thomas J. Collins, Gwen V. Childs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evidence has shown that epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha) are present in the anterior pituitary as well as the hypothalamus, and that EGF can influence the function of pituitary cells, particularly corticotropes in vivo and in vitro. However, little is known about their exact functional roles and how they are regulated in these two areas. The present study was designed to determine if EGF and TGF alpha messenger RNA (mRNA) are expressed in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and how stress conditions such as cold, ether, or restraint affect their local expression. A sensitive mRNA detection method, the ribonuclease protection assay, detected both EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) further showed the presence of EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in these two areas and several other rat tissues (submandibular gland, liver, kidney, lung cerebral cortex, and testis). No TGF alpha mRNA was found in the kidney, however. EGF mRNA was up-regulated in the anterior pituitary after 30 min acute cold stress (CS) and restrainer-restraint stress (RS) but not 30 min after ether stress (2 min, ES), novelty stress (NS), or tape-restraint stress (TS). Further analysis showed that EGF mRNA expression decreased after 1 h CS (1C) and then increased after 3 h CS (3C). In contrast, TGF alpha mRNA in the anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and hypothalamic EGF mRNA did not show significant changes in response to either acute stresses (CS, ES, RS, TS, NS) or longer CS (1C, 3C). Our results suggest that 1) EGF, is up-regulated after some stresses; 2) increased pituitary EGF mRNA in response to stresses varies with the type of stress; and 3) pituitary TGF alpha and hypothalamic EGF and TGF α may be not involved in the stress response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)873-880
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume136
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anterior Hypothalamus
Transforming Growth Factor alpha
Epidermal Growth Factor
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ether
Kidney
Submandibular Gland
Ribonucleases
Cerebral Cortex
Hypothalamus
Reverse Transcription
Testis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Differential regulation of epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor-alpha messenger ribonucleic acid in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus induced by stresses. / Fan, Xuemo; Nagle, Gregg Thomas; Collins, Thomas J.; Childs, Gwen V.

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 136, No. 3, 01.01.1995, p. 873-880.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d206490a83bc45a288bfae268c8b31ca,
title = "Differential regulation of epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor-alpha messenger ribonucleic acid in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus induced by stresses",
abstract = "Evidence has shown that epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha) are present in the anterior pituitary as well as the hypothalamus, and that EGF can influence the function of pituitary cells, particularly corticotropes in vivo and in vitro. However, little is known about their exact functional roles and how they are regulated in these two areas. The present study was designed to determine if EGF and TGF alpha messenger RNA (mRNA) are expressed in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and how stress conditions such as cold, ether, or restraint affect their local expression. A sensitive mRNA detection method, the ribonuclease protection assay, detected both EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) further showed the presence of EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in these two areas and several other rat tissues (submandibular gland, liver, kidney, lung cerebral cortex, and testis). No TGF alpha mRNA was found in the kidney, however. EGF mRNA was up-regulated in the anterior pituitary after 30 min acute cold stress (CS) and restrainer-restraint stress (RS) but not 30 min after ether stress (2 min, ES), novelty stress (NS), or tape-restraint stress (TS). Further analysis showed that EGF mRNA expression decreased after 1 h CS (1C) and then increased after 3 h CS (3C). In contrast, TGF alpha mRNA in the anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and hypothalamic EGF mRNA did not show significant changes in response to either acute stresses (CS, ES, RS, TS, NS) or longer CS (1C, 3C). Our results suggest that 1) EGF, is up-regulated after some stresses; 2) increased pituitary EGF mRNA in response to stresses varies with the type of stress; and 3) pituitary TGF alpha and hypothalamic EGF and TGF α may be not involved in the stress response.",
author = "Xuemo Fan and Nagle, {Gregg Thomas} and Collins, {Thomas J.} and Childs, {Gwen V.}",
year = "1995",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1210/endo.136.3.7867595",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "136",
pages = "873--880",
journal = "Endocrinology",
issn = "0013-7227",
publisher = "The Endocrine Society",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential regulation of epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor-alpha messenger ribonucleic acid in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus induced by stresses

AU - Fan, Xuemo

AU - Nagle, Gregg Thomas

AU - Collins, Thomas J.

AU - Childs, Gwen V.

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - Evidence has shown that epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha) are present in the anterior pituitary as well as the hypothalamus, and that EGF can influence the function of pituitary cells, particularly corticotropes in vivo and in vitro. However, little is known about their exact functional roles and how they are regulated in these two areas. The present study was designed to determine if EGF and TGF alpha messenger RNA (mRNA) are expressed in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and how stress conditions such as cold, ether, or restraint affect their local expression. A sensitive mRNA detection method, the ribonuclease protection assay, detected both EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) further showed the presence of EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in these two areas and several other rat tissues (submandibular gland, liver, kidney, lung cerebral cortex, and testis). No TGF alpha mRNA was found in the kidney, however. EGF mRNA was up-regulated in the anterior pituitary after 30 min acute cold stress (CS) and restrainer-restraint stress (RS) but not 30 min after ether stress (2 min, ES), novelty stress (NS), or tape-restraint stress (TS). Further analysis showed that EGF mRNA expression decreased after 1 h CS (1C) and then increased after 3 h CS (3C). In contrast, TGF alpha mRNA in the anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and hypothalamic EGF mRNA did not show significant changes in response to either acute stresses (CS, ES, RS, TS, NS) or longer CS (1C, 3C). Our results suggest that 1) EGF, is up-regulated after some stresses; 2) increased pituitary EGF mRNA in response to stresses varies with the type of stress; and 3) pituitary TGF alpha and hypothalamic EGF and TGF α may be not involved in the stress response.

AB - Evidence has shown that epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha) are present in the anterior pituitary as well as the hypothalamus, and that EGF can influence the function of pituitary cells, particularly corticotropes in vivo and in vitro. However, little is known about their exact functional roles and how they are regulated in these two areas. The present study was designed to determine if EGF and TGF alpha messenger RNA (mRNA) are expressed in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and how stress conditions such as cold, ether, or restraint affect their local expression. A sensitive mRNA detection method, the ribonuclease protection assay, detected both EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in the rat anterior pituitary and hypothalamus. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) further showed the presence of EGF and TGF alpha mRNA in these two areas and several other rat tissues (submandibular gland, liver, kidney, lung cerebral cortex, and testis). No TGF alpha mRNA was found in the kidney, however. EGF mRNA was up-regulated in the anterior pituitary after 30 min acute cold stress (CS) and restrainer-restraint stress (RS) but not 30 min after ether stress (2 min, ES), novelty stress (NS), or tape-restraint stress (TS). Further analysis showed that EGF mRNA expression decreased after 1 h CS (1C) and then increased after 3 h CS (3C). In contrast, TGF alpha mRNA in the anterior pituitary and hypothalamus and hypothalamic EGF mRNA did not show significant changes in response to either acute stresses (CS, ES, RS, TS, NS) or longer CS (1C, 3C). Our results suggest that 1) EGF, is up-regulated after some stresses; 2) increased pituitary EGF mRNA in response to stresses varies with the type of stress; and 3) pituitary TGF alpha and hypothalamic EGF and TGF α may be not involved in the stress response.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028817616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028817616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1210/endo.136.3.7867595

DO - 10.1210/endo.136.3.7867595

M3 - Article

VL - 136

SP - 873

EP - 880

JO - Endocrinology

JF - Endocrinology

SN - 0013-7227

IS - 3

ER -