Distinct and predictive chromatin signatures of transcriptional promoters and enhancers in the human genome

Yutao Liu, Michael Hauser

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

Abstract

Recent investigations suggest that acetylation of various residues of histones H3 and H4 and trimethylation of Lys 4 of histone H3 (H3K4) in nucleosomes are characteristics of active promoters across species from yeast to mammals. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and microarray (ChIP-chip) technology, these investigators mapped histone modifications, transcription factor binding, and nucleosome density in high resolution within 30 Mb of the human genome. It was found that active promoters are enriched with trimethylation of H3K4, whereas enhancers are marked by monomethylation of H3K4. These authors then incorporated these distinct chromatin signatures into computational algorithms. Over 200 promoters and 400 enhancers were predicted within the 30-Mb region with high sensitivity and specificity. To validate the prediction, a novel functional enhancer for the carnitine transporter SLC22A5 (OCTN2) predicted from the computational algorithms was confirmed with reporter assay (Fig. 1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-157
Number of pages2
JournalChemtracts
Volume20
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

Fingerprint

Human Genome
Histones
Chromatin
Nucleosomes
Genes
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
Histone Code
Carnitine
Acetylation
Mammals
Transcription Factors
Microarrays
Yeasts
Research Personnel
Yeast
Technology
Sensitivity and Specificity
Assays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Distinct and predictive chromatin signatures of transcriptional promoters and enhancers in the human genome. / Liu, Yutao; Hauser, Michael.

In: Chemtracts, Vol. 20, No. 4, 01.04.2007, p. 156-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

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