Dynamin-like protein 1 is involved in peroxisomal fission

Annett Koch, Meinolf Thiemann, Markus Grabenbauer, Yisang Yoon, Mark A. McNiven, Michael Schrader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

244 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mammalian dynamin-like protein 1 (DLP1), a member of the dynamin family of large GTPases, possesses mechanochemical properties known to constrict and tubulate membranes. In this study, we have combined two experimental approaches, induction of peroxisome proliferation by Pex11pβ and expression of dominant-negative mutants, to test whether DLP1 plays a role in peroxisomal growth and division. We were able to localize DLP1 in spots on tubular peroxisomes in HepG2 cells. In addition, immunoblot analysis revealed the presence of DLP1 in highly purified peroxisomal fractions from rat liver and an increase of DLP1 after treatment of rats with the peroxisome proliferator bezafibrate. Expression of a dominant negative DLP1 mutant deficient in GTP hydrolysis (K38A) either alone or in combination with Pex11pβ caused the appearance of tubular peroxisomes but had no influence on their intracellular distribution. In co-expressing cells, the formation of tubulo-reticular networks of peroxisomes was promoted, and peroxisomal division was completely inhibited. These findings were confirmed by silencing of DLP1 using siRNA. We propose a direct role for the dynamin-like protein DLP1 in peroxisomal fission and in the maintenance of peroxisomal morphology in mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8597-8605
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Koch, A., Thiemann, M., Grabenbauer, M., Yoon, Y., McNiven, M. A., & Schrader, M. (2003). Dynamin-like protein 1 is involved in peroxisomal fission. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(10), 8597-8605. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M211761200