Early onset of acquired comitant non-accommodative esotropia in childhood

V. Sturm, M. N. Menke, M. Töteberg, G. P. Jaggi, C. Schoeffler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and surgical outcome of acquired comitant non-accommodative esotropia without obvious cause in children with an early onset three years of age. Patients and Methods: 24 consecutive patients (13 females) with acquired comitant non-accommodative esotropia underwent strabismus surgery. Outcome measures included amount of deviation and level of binocularity at last follow-up. Results: An acute onset of strabismus was observed in 83 % of patients. Accompanying features such as diplopia, covering one eye or stumbling were observed in 40 % of the children. Cycloplegic retinoscopy revealed a mild to moderate hypermetropia in all children (mean hypermetropia + 2.2 diopters). 90.5 % of children were aligned within 8 PD of orthotropia. 81 % regained normal stereovision (Lang I/II). Conclusions: All children exhibited the typical features of acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) type II (Burian-Franceschetti). Collective characteristics of this form of strabismus are a comitant and relatively large deviation, mild hypermetropia, a potential of normal binocular cooperation and absence of an accommodative component and neurological pathology. Time and suddenness of strabismus onset may be less helpful in defining this entity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-361
Number of pages5
JournalKlinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • acute
  • comitant
  • diplopia
  • esotropia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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