The antitumor efficacy of EBV-induced molecule 1 ligand CC chemokine (ELC/CCL19) was evaluated in a murine lung cancer model. The ability of ELC/CCL19 to chemoattract both dendritic cells and T lymphocytes formed the rationale for this study. Compared with diluent-treated tumor-]bearing mice, intratumoral injection of recombinant ELC/CCL19 led to significant systemic reduction in tumor volumes (p < 0.01). ELC/CCL19-treated mice exhibited an increased influx of CD4 and CD8 T cell subsets as well as dendritic cells at the tumor sites. These cell infiltrates were accompanied by increases in IFN-γ, MIG/CXCL9, IP-10/CXCL10, GM-CSF, and IL-12 but a concomitant decrease in the immunosuppressive molecules PGE2 and TGFβ. Transfer of T lymphocytes from ELC/CCL19 treated tumor-bearing mice conferred the antitumor therapeutic efficacy of ELC/CCL19 to naive mice. ELC/CCL19 treated tumor-bearing mice showed enhanced frequency of tumor specific T lymphocytes secreting IFN-γ. In vivo depletion of IFN-γ, MIG/CXCL9, or IP-10/CXCL10 significantly reduced the antitumor efficacy of ELC/CCL19. These findings provide a strong rationale for further evaluation of ELC/CCL19 in tumor immunity and its use in cancer immunotherapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy