Effect of an Er,Cr:YSGG laser on water perfusion in human dentine

Ampong Y. Adu-Arko, Sharanbir K. Sidhu, John F. McCabe, David Henry Pashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Changes in fluid perfusion through tubules may affect the sensitivity of exposed and restored dentine. The rate of perfusion is dependent on the structure and composition of dentine, particularly at the surface. This work analyzed the effect of treatment with an Erbium, Chromium-doped: Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser on dentine perfusion. Extracted molars were sectioned above the mid-coronal portion, and below the cemento-enamel junction, to create crown segments. The pulp was extirpated and the dentine treated with the Er,Cr:YSGG laser, a diamond bur or sandpaper. Each specimen was mounted, with the pulp chamber oriented upwards, on a petri-dish cover in order to permit a tube filled with water to be connected to the pulp. Movement of the water meniscus over 24 h provided a measurement of the volume of water that filtered across the dentine. The dishes contained water to provide a moist environment in the relevant specimens, or were left dry to provide dry conditions. Specimens were perfused for 24 h with water pressures ranging from 20 to 60 cm. The results (in μl mm-2 d-1) showed a significant difference in the perfusion rate between treatments. The difference between perfusion in wet and dry conditions was highly significant. Laser and bur treatment of dentine significantly affected perfusion, which was higher in the former than in the latter. Therefore, laser-treated dentine may be more sensitive than bur-cut dentine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Volume118
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Dentine
  • Dentine bonding
  • Erbium, chromium-doped: Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser
  • Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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