Effect of cyclic loading under enzymatic activity on resin-dentin interfaces of two self-etching adhesives

Tissiana Bortolotto, Ioana Onisor, Ivo Krejci, Marco Ferrari, Franklin R. Tay, Serge Bouillaguet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objectives: To evaluate microtensile bond strength and micro-morphology at the resin-dentin interfaces of two self-etching adhesive systems subjected to simultaneous mechanical and enzymatic stress. Methods: Sixteen enamel/dentin discs were bonded with a two-step self-etching adhesive (AdheSE, n = 8) and a one-step self-etching adhesive (Xeno III, n = 8) to a 2 mm thick resin composite layer. One resin-dentin bar was obtained per tooth. In half of the specimens of each group μTBS and micro-morphological evaluations (TEM) was performed without loading. The other half was mechanically loaded in a cholinesterase-containing solution. μTBS as well as ultra-morphological evaluations of the directly loaded areas using TEM were performed on the loaded specimens. Results: The μTBS of the specimens (non-loaded/loaded) were of 39.6 ± 14.7/35.4 ± 22.1 and of 21.8 ± 29.8/15.9 ± 25.5 for AdheSE and Xeno III, respectively. Under TEM, both materials presented signs of nanoleakage. However, on loaded specimens the extent of nanoleakage was slightly reduced for AdheSE and no silver staining was observed on the adhesive interface of Xeno III. TEM evaluations of the specimens' loaded area revealed no decrease in the width of the adhesive interface for AdheSE. The contrary was observed in the interface created by Xeno III. Significance: The adhesive interfaces created by the two-step self-etching adhesive (AdheSE) could better withstand both mechanical and enzymatic stresses on the long-term than the one-step self-etching system (Xeno III) tested in the present study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-184
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2008


  • Aging
  • Biomechanics
  • Cholinesterase
  • Composite
  • Cyclic load
  • Dentin
  • Enzyme
  • Micromorphology
  • Microtensile
  • Self-etch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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