Effect of Different All-Ceramic Crown System on Fracture Resistance and Failure Pattern of Endodontically Treated Maxillary Premolars Restored With and Without Glass Fiber Posts

Ziad Salameh, Roberto Sorrentino, Hani F. Ounsi, Cecilia Goracci, Esam Tashkandi, Franklin R. Tay, Marco Ferrari

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48 Scopus citations


Endodontically treated teeth are traditionally restored with a crown to prevent fracture. The aim of this study was to compare the fracture resistance and failure modes of endodontically treated maxillary premolars treated with or without a fiber post and restored with different types of crowns. Eighty human maxillary premolars were selected. After root canal treatment, the teeth were embedded in resin blocks and divided into four groups. Samples received MOD cavity preparations and were divided into two subgroups: with and without fiber posts and restored using porcelain fused to metal, lithium disilicate, fiber-reinforced composite, or zirconia crowns. The specimens were vertically loaded in the central fossa using a universal loading machine until failure, and the maximum breaking loads were recorded. Samples were perfused with Indian ink to highlight the fracture lines and the mode of failure that was classified as restorable or nonrestorable. Even without post, all crown designs resisted vertically applied forces beyond those that may be encountered in the mouth. Two-way analysis of variance revealed the use of a fiber post (p = 0.007) and the type of crown (p < 0.001) significantly affected the restorability of fractured teeth. The relationship between placing or not placing the post and the type of failure (restorable/nonrestorable) was found to be significant (χ2 test, p = 0.002). Although post placement resulted in higher fracture resistance values, these were significant for Empress II crowns only. The results suggest that the posts could contribute to the reinforcement and strengthening of pulpless maxillary premolars. With respect to failure modes, placement of fiber posts improved the fracture from nonrestorable to restorable patterns. This study suggests that the placement of fiber posts is necessary to improve fracture resistance even under full-coverage crowns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)848-851
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Endodontics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007



  • Endodontically treated teeth
  • fiber post
  • fracture patterns
  • fracture resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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