The sulfur-centered compound dimethylthiourea (DMTU) affords antioxidant protection in animal models of acute lung injury, an effect that has been attributed to its OH· scavenging properties. Although DMTU can also react with H2O2 in certain experimental systems, the effect of DMTU on the neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) pathway has not been studied. DMTU (1-10 mM) completely blocked stable oxidants and hypochlorous acid formation by phorbol myristate acetate- and zymosan-stimulated neutrophils. DMTU also provided complete inhibition when incubated with cell-free supernatants after the formation of the MPO products. DMTU prevented the oxidative inactivation of α1-antitrypsin by neutrophil-stable oxidants. Evidence that DMTU was oxidized by the MPO products was obtained by titration of oxidized DMTU with reduced glutathione. Surprisingly, supernatants from cells incubated with DMTU (10 mM) consumed two- to threefold higher amounts of reduced glutathione than supernatants from cells incubated with taurine (15 mM). Metabolic studies with stimulated neutrophils and experiments with the MPO enzyme system in a cell-free system suggested that DMTU acts by scavenging the products of the MPO pathway rather than by blocking H2O2 production in the intact cell. These findings demonstrate that DMTU blocks the neutrophil MPO pathway in addition to its known ability to scavenge other reactive O2 species. The capacity of DMTU to scavenge MPO products may explain some of its protective effects in acute lung injury.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)