Statement of problem: Selective laser melting (SLM) technology has been introduced for printing metal dental restorations from Co-Cr base alloys or Au-Pt high noble alloys. However, information regarding the fit of restorations fabricated by using this technique is limited. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the effect of 3 different finish line designs on the marginal and internal gaps of metal copings made from a base (Co-Cr), high noble (Au-Pd-Ag), and noble alloy (Co-Pd) by using the SLM technology. Material and methods: Three Ivorine right maxillary central incisors were prepared with a chamfer, deep chamfer, or shoulder finish line. The preparations were scanned by using a TRIOS scanner, and a total of 90 dies were printed using DPR 10 Resin (30×3 finish line designs). Ten SLM copings were fabricated for each margin design and metal alloy combination for a total of 90 copings (10×3 finish line designs×3 alloys). Copings were cemented onto dies using an autopolymerizing composite-resin luting material. All coping-die assemblies were sectioned buccolingually by using a low-speed diamond saw, and images were obtained by using an inverted bright field metallurgical microscope at ×100 magnification. Marginal and internal gaps were measured at 5 locations: buccal margin, midfacial, incisal, midlingual, and lingual margin. After gap measurements, representative specimens were embedded in autopolymerizing resin and prepared for metallographic examination. A 2-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted to determine the overall significance, followed by ANOVA for each dependent variable (α=.05). Results: The results indicated that alloy type and finish line had a significant influence on marginal gap of copings (P<.001). Relative to the internal gap, alloy type had a significant effect (P<.001), but the type of finish line had no statistically significant influence (P=.337). No statistically significant interactions occurred. Base alloys were printed with almost no observable porosity, whereas noble and high noble alloys exhibited hot tears and porosity. Conclusions: Thefinish line type did not influence the internal gap between copings and dies, whereas the alloy type influenced the marginal gap between copings and dies. SLM-fabricated Co-Cr copings on teeth prepared with a deep chamfer finish line demonstrated the lowest marginal gap.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery