Effect of implant drill characteristics on heat generation in osteotomy sites: A pilot study

Hyun Jun Oh, Ulf Me Wikesjö, Ho Seong Kang, Young Ku, Tae Gwan Eom, Ki Tae Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of drill-bone contact area on bone temperature during osteotomy preparation. Material and methods: Conventional triflute Ø3.6mm drills were modified with the intent to reduce frictional heat induction. The peripheral dimensions of the drill were reduced 0.15, 0.35 and 0.5mm to evaluate the effect of surface area on induction of frictional heat between the drill and bone/cutting debris (parameter A). Also, the lateral cutting surface of the drill was set to 0.1, 2 and 7.5mm to estimate heat induced by direct function of the drill (parameter B). A non-modified triflute drill (parameter A: 0mm; parameter B: 15mm) served as control. Thus, nine drills with different A/B combinations vs. one control were tested in artificial bone. Real-time temperature changes (during drilling and withdrawing) were assessed using an infrared thermal imager. Each drilling procedure was performed up to 20 times. Thermal image data were transferred to a PC for simultaneous analysis. Results: Mean temperature changes for all modified drill combinations were smaller than for the control (P<0.001). The effects of parameters A and B were statistically significant (P<0.001). There was a significant interaction effect between the two parameters (P<0.001) showing that the effect of parameter A on the mean temperature changes is different depending on the values of parameter B. As the dimensions of parameter B decreased, the temperature change during drilling also decreased. However, a tendency for the temperature to increase or decrease by parameter A was not observed. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this pilot study, the observations herein suggest that reduction in contact area between the drill and bone reduces heat induction. Further studies to optimize drill/bone contact dimensions are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)722-726
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • Frictional heat
  • Implant drill design
  • Surface contact area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery


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