Effect of irradiation on thermal sensitivity of bone marrow progenitors

Nahid F. Mivechi, Gloria C. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The heat sensitivity of murine CFU-GM and CFU-E following 2.5 Gy of total body irradiation (TBI) was studied. C3H f/Sed female mice were treated with 2.5 Gy TBI and femoral bone marrow was heated in vitro at 43°C. CFU-GM show heat radio-sensitization when bone marrow was heated immediately following irradiation. There was a brief decline in heat and radiation interaction when cells were heated 3 hours following 2.5 Gy of TBI, but heat radiosensitization returned to its maximum from 1 to 2 days following irradiation and remained significantly different from the control on days 5 and 7 following irradiation. The heat and radiation interaction disappeared by 30 days. CFU-E shows significant heat radiosensitization only on day 2 following 2.5 Gy of TBI. Total nucleated cells per femur showed a decrease by 70 per cent in days 1 to 2 following TBI, recovered to control values by day 5, and did not correlate with the changes in heat radiosensitization. Cell cycle analysis of CFU-GM using hydroxyurea showed no significant changes in cell cycle parameters on days 1 and 2 following 2.5 Gy, when maximum heat sensitization was observed. It is concluded that bone marrow progenitors may respond in a different way from other normal tissues to heat and irradiation sequencing, and that these differences must be considered when designing clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-546
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research


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