Effect of obesity on periodontal attachment loss progression

A 5-year population-based prospective study

Eduardo José Gaio, Alex Nogueira Haas, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Rui Vicente Oppermann, Jasim M. Albandar, Cristiano Susin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim The aim of this study was to assess the effect of overweight and obesity on periodontal attachment loss (PAL) progression in an urban population from south Brazil. Methods In 2001, a population-based oral health survey entitled "Epidemiology of periodontal diseases: the Porto Alegre Study" was conducted by drawing a probabilistic sample of 1586 individuals. After 5 years, 755 (participation rate: 47.6%) individuals were re-examined. For this analysis, self-reported diabetics, underweight individuals, and individuals with <6 teeth were excluded. Poisson regressions were used to calculate relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for sex, age, skin colour, education, socio-economic status, smoking and dental care. Results Five hundred and eighty-two individuals (333 males/249 females, 36.02 ± 14.97 years) were included. Overall, obese individuals had significantly higher risk of experiencing PAL progression than individuals with normal weight after adjusting for important co-factors (RR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.04-1.78). In a stratified analysis, no statistically significant associations were observed between PAL progression and obesity for males (RR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.75-1.69), whereas obese females were at statistically significant higher risk than normal weight females (RR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.11-2.43). Conclusion Obesity appears to be a risk factor for PAL progression for females but not males in this developing country population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-565
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

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Periodontal Attachment Loss
Obesity
Prospective Studies
Confidence Intervals
Population
Skin Pigmentation
Weights and Measures
Urban Population
Dental Care
Thinness
Oral Health
Periodontal Diseases
Health Surveys
Developing Countries
Brazil
Tooth
Epidemiology
Smoking
Economics
Education

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • longitudinal studies
  • obesity
  • periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Gaio, E. J., Haas, A. N., Rösing, C. K., Oppermann, R. V., Albandar, J. M., & Susin, C. (2016). Effect of obesity on periodontal attachment loss progression: A 5-year population-based prospective study. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 43(7), 557-565. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12544

Effect of obesity on periodontal attachment loss progression : A 5-year population-based prospective study. / Gaio, Eduardo José; Haas, Alex Nogueira; Rösing, Cassiano Kuchenbecker; Oppermann, Rui Vicente; Albandar, Jasim M.; Susin, Cristiano.

In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Vol. 43, No. 7, 01.07.2016, p. 557-565.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gaio, Eduardo José ; Haas, Alex Nogueira ; Rösing, Cassiano Kuchenbecker ; Oppermann, Rui Vicente ; Albandar, Jasim M. ; Susin, Cristiano. / Effect of obesity on periodontal attachment loss progression : A 5-year population-based prospective study. In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 2016 ; Vol. 43, No. 7. pp. 557-565.
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AB - Aim The aim of this study was to assess the effect of overweight and obesity on periodontal attachment loss (PAL) progression in an urban population from south Brazil. Methods In 2001, a population-based oral health survey entitled "Epidemiology of periodontal diseases: the Porto Alegre Study" was conducted by drawing a probabilistic sample of 1586 individuals. After 5 years, 755 (participation rate: 47.6%) individuals were re-examined. For this analysis, self-reported diabetics, underweight individuals, and individuals with <6 teeth were excluded. Poisson regressions were used to calculate relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for sex, age, skin colour, education, socio-economic status, smoking and dental care. Results Five hundred and eighty-two individuals (333 males/249 females, 36.02 ± 14.97 years) were included. Overall, obese individuals had significantly higher risk of experiencing PAL progression than individuals with normal weight after adjusting for important co-factors (RR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.04-1.78). In a stratified analysis, no statistically significant associations were observed between PAL progression and obesity for males (RR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.75-1.69), whereas obese females were at statistically significant higher risk than normal weight females (RR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.11-2.43). Conclusion Obesity appears to be a risk factor for PAL progression for females but not males in this developing country population.

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