Efecto del tratamiento periodontal sobre la microbiota subgingival en pacientes con preeclampsia

Translated title of the contribution: Effect of periodontal therapy on the subgingival microbiota in preeclamptic patients

Adriana Jaramillo, Roger Mauricio Arce Munoz, Adolfo Contreras, Julián A. Herrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Few studies have described subgingival microbiota in pregnant women with mild preeclampsia. Objective: Clinical periodontal and subgingival microbiota changes were identified in pregnant women with mild preeclampsia after periodontal treatment. Materials and methods: In a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, 57 preeclamptic women were studied at Hospital Universitario del Valle in Cali, Colombia. Thirty one women were randomized to the periodontal intervention group (subgingival scaling and planing ultrasonic and manual) during pregnancy and 26 to the control group (supragingival prophylaxis). Periodontal clinical parameters and subgingival microbiota were characterized at the time of acceptance into the study and again at postpartum. Eight periodontopathic bacteria and 2 herpesviruses were assessed by polymerase chain reaction. Chi-square, McNemar or Student's t tests were used, with a significance level of p≤0.05. Results. Both groups were omparable in the clinical and microbiological variables at baseline. Periodontal treatment reduced the average pocket depth in the intervention group from 2.4±0.3 to 2.3±0.2 mm (p<0.001) and in control group 2.6±0.4 to 2.44±0.4 mm, (p<0.001) and bleeding index 16.4±1.5% to 7.9±0.7% in the intervention group(p<0.001) and 17.1±1.8%to 10±0.9% in the control group (p=0.002). The frequency of detection of microorganisms did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusion. Scaling/root planning and supragingival prophylaxis significantly reduced the probing depth and gingival bleeding index. Periodontal treatment was not more effective than prophylaxis inreducing periodontopathic organisms or herpesvirus.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalBiomedica
Volume32
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dental Scaling
Microbiota
Herpesviridae
Pre-Eclampsia
Control Groups
Pregnant Women
Hemorrhage
Periodontal Index
Colombia
Polymerase chain reaction
Ultrasonics
Microorganisms
Postpartum Period
Bacteria
Therapeutics
Randomized Controlled Trials
Students
Planning
Pregnancy
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • Controlled clinical trial
  • Periodontitis/therapy
  • Pre-eclampsia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Efecto del tratamiento periodontal sobre la microbiota subgingival en pacientes con preeclampsia. / Jaramillo, Adriana; Arce Munoz, Roger Mauricio; Contreras, Adolfo; Herrera, Julián A.

In: Biomedica, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.04.2012, p. 233-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jaramillo, A, Arce Munoz, RM, Contreras, A & Herrera, JA 2012, 'Efecto del tratamiento periodontal sobre la microbiota subgingival en pacientes con preeclampsia', Biomedica, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 233-238.
Jaramillo, Adriana ; Arce Munoz, Roger Mauricio ; Contreras, Adolfo ; Herrera, Julián A. / Efecto del tratamiento periodontal sobre la microbiota subgingival en pacientes con preeclampsia. In: Biomedica. 2012 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 233-238.
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AB - Introduction: Few studies have described subgingival microbiota in pregnant women with mild preeclampsia. Objective: Clinical periodontal and subgingival microbiota changes were identified in pregnant women with mild preeclampsia after periodontal treatment. Materials and methods: In a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, 57 preeclamptic women were studied at Hospital Universitario del Valle in Cali, Colombia. Thirty one women were randomized to the periodontal intervention group (subgingival scaling and planing ultrasonic and manual) during pregnancy and 26 to the control group (supragingival prophylaxis). Periodontal clinical parameters and subgingival microbiota were characterized at the time of acceptance into the study and again at postpartum. Eight periodontopathic bacteria and 2 herpesviruses were assessed by polymerase chain reaction. Chi-square, McNemar or Student's t tests were used, with a significance level of p≤0.05. Results. Both groups were omparable in the clinical and microbiological variables at baseline. Periodontal treatment reduced the average pocket depth in the intervention group from 2.4±0.3 to 2.3±0.2 mm (p<0.001) and in control group 2.6±0.4 to 2.44±0.4 mm, (p<0.001) and bleeding index 16.4±1.5% to 7.9±0.7% in the intervention group(p<0.001) and 17.1±1.8%to 10±0.9% in the control group (p=0.002). The frequency of detection of microorganisms did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusion. Scaling/root planning and supragingival prophylaxis significantly reduced the probing depth and gingival bleeding index. Periodontal treatment was not more effective than prophylaxis inreducing periodontopathic organisms or herpesvirus.

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