Effect of Smoking on Periodontal Health in Molar Teeth

Varunee Kerdvongbundit, Ulf M E Wikesjö

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: It is generally accepted that the primary cause of periodontitis is bacterial infection of long duration. In addition, there are several risk factors that may increase the probability and severity of periodontitis. For example, an increased breakdown of alveolar bone has been observed in smokers compared to never-smokers. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between cigarette smoking and periodontal health, in particular, furcation involvement in molar teeth. Methods: One hundred twenty (120) adult regular dental patients, presenting with at least 20 teeth each, third molars excluded, were evaluated. Sixty of the subjects consumed an average (± SD) of 16.8 ± 3.8 cigarettes daily and had smoked for 21.4 ± 5.7 years. The remaining subjects presented a negative history of smoking. Periodontal conditions for the molar teeth were recorded at the first and second mandibular molar buccal furcation area. Results: Oral hygiene standards and dental care habits did not differ notably between smokers and never-smokers. Smokers exhibited significantly fewer molar teeth than never-smokers (2.2 ± 1.1 versus 3.0 ± 0.8; P <0.01). Also, smokers exhibited significantly advanced gingival recession, probing depth, clinical attachment loss, furcation involvement, and tooth mobility compared to never-smokers (P <0.01). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that long-term cigarette smoking significantly worsens periodontal health including degree and incidence of furcation involvement in molar teeth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-437
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume71
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Tooth
Smoking
Health
Periodontitis
Tooth Mobility
Gingival Recession
Third Molar
Dental Care
Cheek
Oral Hygiene
Bacterial Infections
Tobacco Products
Habits
Bone and Bones
Incidence

Keywords

  • Furcation/etiology
  • Molar
  • Periodontal diseases/etiology
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking/adverse effects
  • Tobacco/adverse effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Effect of Smoking on Periodontal Health in Molar Teeth. / Kerdvongbundit, Varunee; Wikesjö, Ulf M E.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 71, No. 3, 01.01.2000, p. 433-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kerdvongbundit, Varunee ; Wikesjö, Ulf M E. / Effect of Smoking on Periodontal Health in Molar Teeth. In: Journal of Periodontology. 2000 ; Vol. 71, No. 3. pp. 433-437.
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