Effectiveness of a computer-based educational program on nurses' knowledge, attitude, and skill level related to evidence-based practice

Patricia Hart, Lee Anna Eaton, Marlette Buckner, Beth N. Morrow, Darcy T. Barrett, Danielle D. Fraser, Jerry Dwayne Hooks, Rebecca L. Sharrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To conduct a baseline assessment of nurses' perceptions of knowledge, attitude, and skill level related to evidence-based practice (EBP) and research utilisation; determine the level of organisational readiness for implementing EBP and research; and examine the effectiveness of a computer-based educational program on nurses' perceptions of knowledge, attitude, and skill level related to EBP and research utilisation. Design: A descriptive, quasi-experimental design with a one-group, pre-intervention survey, intervention, and post-intervention survey method was used. A convenience sample of 744 nurses working in an integrated health care system was recruited. The study was conducted from May 2006 through November 2006. Methods: Data collection instruments were a demographic data questionnaire and the Evidence-Based Nursing Questionnaire. An education intervention on principles of EBP and research utilisation was conducted via three computer-based learning modules. Findings: Statistically significant differences in perceptions of knowledge, attitude, and skill level, as well as beliefs about organisational readiness were found after nurses participated in the computer-based education intervention. Although nurses indicated having positive attitudes about using research to support best nursing practice, gaps in knowledge and skills in retrieving research publications, evaluating the evidence, and incorporating the evidence into practice remain. Nurses rated their managers, senior nursing administrators, and staff nurses on their unit higher than hospital managers in supporting changes to practice based on research. Conclusions: Nurses in clinical settings need to be able to use research findings and incorporate EBP into their nursing practice to promote positive patient outcomes. Appropriate organisational infrastructures are essential for promoting EBP and research utilisation in clinical settings. Diverse and effective methods are essential in educating and engaging nurses in EBP and research utilisation. Computer-based education is an effective approach that can be used by nursing leaders in health care organisations to educate and engage nurses in EBP initiatives and research utilisation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
JournalWorldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

Keywords

  • Attitude
  • Computers
  • Education
  • Evidence-based practice
  • Knowledge
  • Nurse
  • Research utilisation
  • Skill

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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