Effects of ammonia and chlorine on fish in streams receiving secondary discharges

Michael H Paller, W. M. Lewis, R. C. Heidinger, L. J. Wawronowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although ammonia and residual chlorine toxicity have been individually studied in the laboratory for many years, their relative impacts on the total lotic environment have not been clearly demonstrated under field conditions. Because these materials are discharged concomitantly, it is difficult to isolate and measure their individual impacts. This paper reports on a study to define and separate the relative effects of the two pollutants upon fishes. Study materials, methods and results are discussed. In the major study finding, residual chlorine in wastewater effluents was identified as the main toxicant suppressing the diversity, size, and quantity of fish in two Illinois streams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1087-1097
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Water Pollution Control Federation
Volume55
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Fish
Chlorine
Ammonia
Toxicity
Effluents
Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution

Cite this

Paller, M. H., Lewis, W. M., Heidinger, R. C., & Wawronowicz, L. J. (1983). Effects of ammonia and chlorine on fish in streams receiving secondary discharges. Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, 55(8), 1087-1097.

Effects of ammonia and chlorine on fish in streams receiving secondary discharges. / Paller, Michael H; Lewis, W. M.; Heidinger, R. C.; Wawronowicz, L. J.

In: Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. 55, No. 8, 01.01.1983, p. 1087-1097.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Paller, MH, Lewis, WM, Heidinger, RC & Wawronowicz, LJ 1983, 'Effects of ammonia and chlorine on fish in streams receiving secondary discharges', Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 1087-1097.
Paller, Michael H ; Lewis, W. M. ; Heidinger, R. C. ; Wawronowicz, L. J. / Effects of ammonia and chlorine on fish in streams receiving secondary discharges. In: Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation. 1983 ; Vol. 55, No. 8. pp. 1087-1097.
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