OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of intracoronary transfer of autologous HO-1 overexpressed MSCs in porcine model of myocardial ischemia (1 h)/reperfusion. METHODS: Apoptosis was assayed and cytokine concentrations in supernatant were measured in cells exposed to hypoxia-reoxygen in vitro. In vivo, Chinese male mini-pigs were allocated to the following treatment groups: control group (saline), MSCs group (MSCs), MSCs transfected with pcDNA3.1-nHO-1 (HO-1-MSCs). 1 x 10(7) of autologous stem cells or identical volume of saline was injected intracoronary into porcine hearts 1 h after ischemia. MRI assay and postmortem analysis were assessed 3 months after stem cell transplantation. RESULTS: In vitro, cell apoptosis rate post hypoxia-reoxygen was significantly reduced in HO-1-MSCs group (30.30% +/- 7.64%) compared with that in MSCs group (56.93% +/- 4.68%, P < 0.001) and LacZ-MSCs group (55.88% +/- 4.38%, P < 0.001), VEGF was also significantly upregulated in HO-1-MSCs group [(768.44 +/- 78.38) pg/ml] compared with that in MSCs group [(555.27 +/- 67.67) pg/ml, P < 0.001] and LacZ-MSCs group [(522.97 +/- 71.45) pg/ml, P < 0.001]. In vivo, cardiac function was significantly improved in both MSCs transplantation groups compared to saline group (all P < 0.05 vs.saline) and the left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly higher in HO-1-MSCs group compared with that in MSCs group at 3 months after transplantation (53.50% +/- 2.09% vs. 49.54% +/- 2.74%, P = 0.017), capillary density in the peri-infarct area was also significantly higher in HO-1-MSC group than that in MSCs group [(14.59 +/- 2.39)/HPF vs. (11.78 +/- 2.48)/HPF, P = 0.033]. CONCLUSIONS: Efficacy of HO-1 overexpressed MSCs on improving cardiac function and promoting angiogenesis was greater than those by MSCs in this porcine ischemia/reperfusion model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine