The effect of diltiazem, a calcium channel blocking agent, on anoxic injury was studied in isolated perfused rat hearts. Anoxia for 60 minutes caused a considerable release of creatine kinase and significant cell injury. Reoxygenation of these anoxic hearts for 20 minutes accelerated the creatine kinase release and caused severe cell injury. Reoxygenation of anoxic hearts with diltiazem at a rate of either 2 or 4.5 mg/liter did not reduce creatine kinase release significantly (probability [p] > 0.05). However, the higher dosage of diltiazem (4.5 mg/ liter during both anoxic and reoxygenation phases resulted in significant (p ≤ 0.05) preservation of healthy tissue. The data suggest that diltiazem in the higher concentration prevents cell injury and reduces mitochondrial damage in anoxic injury.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine