Effects of follicle-stimulating hormone and human chorionic gonadotropin on gonadal steroidogenesis in two siblings with a follicle-stimulating hormone β subunit mutation

Adriana Lofrano-Porto, Luiz Augusto Casulari, Paula P. Nascimento, Leonardo Giacomini, Luciana A. Naves, Lucilia Domingues Casulari da Motta, Lawrence C. Layman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To quantify gonadal steroid responses to different gonadotropin regimens. Design: Transversal clinical study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): A 41-year-old woman and her 37-year-old brother with isolated FSH deficiency due to a homozygous Tyr76X FSH β subunit gene (FSHB) mutation. Intervention(s): Initially, serial LH samples were drawn overnight. After 2-day dexamethasone suppression, steroids were measured at baseline and after hCG, recombinant FSH, or hCG + recombinant FSH administration. Main Outcome Measure(s): Pulse number, peak amplitude, and mean overnight LH levels, as well as basal and stimulated FSH, LH, T, E2, DHEAS, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), and androstenedione (A). Result(s): The mean ±SD overnight LH was 49.2 ± 5.7 mIU/mL and 9.1 ± 2.9 mIU/mL; there were 8 pulses/8 hours and 9 pulses/9 hours, with mean amplitudes of 53.4 ± 6.5 mIU/mL and 11.7 ± 1.9 mIU/mL, for the woman and man, respectively. There was no steroid response to recombinant FSH, hCG, or hCG + recombinant FSH in the woman. In the man, T increased after hCG, recombinant FSH, and hCG + recombinant FSH, whereas E2, A, and 17-OHP increased only after hCG + recombinant FSH. Conclusion(s): This report constitutes the first detailed endocrine study of a man with isolated FSH deficiency due to an FSHB mutation and suggests that FSH may have a positive regulatory effect on healthy LH-stimulated Leydig cells, probably mediated by its primary action on Sertoli cells, in a paracrine mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1169-1174
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

Keywords

  • FSH deficiency
  • FSHB mutation
  • gonadal steroidogenesis
  • ovary
  • testes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of follicle-stimulating hormone and human chorionic gonadotropin on gonadal steroidogenesis in two siblings with a follicle-stimulating hormone β subunit mutation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this