Effects of non-invasive brain stimulation on post-stroke dysphagia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Jessica M. Pisegna, Asako Kaneoka, William G. Pearson, Sandeep Kumar, Susan E. Langmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The primary aim of this review is to evaluate the effects of non-invasive brain stimulation on post-stroke dysphagia. Methods: Thirteen databases were systematically searched through July 2014. Studies had to meet pre-specified inclusion and exclusion criteria. Each study's methodological quality was examined. Effect sizes were calculated from extracted data and combined for an overall summary statistic. Results: Eight randomized controlled trials were included. These trials revealed a significant, moderate pooled effect size (0.55; 95% CI = 0.17, 0.93; p = 0.004). Studies stimulating the affected hemisphere had a combined effect size of 0.46 (95% CI = -0.18, 1.11; p = 0.16); studies stimulating the unaffected hemisphere had a combined effect size of 0.65 (95% CI = 0.14, 1.16; p = 0.01). At long-term follow up, three studies demonstrated a large but non-significant pooled effect size (0.81, p = 0.11). Conclusions: This review found evidence for the efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation on post-stroke dysphagia. A significant effect size resulted when stimulating the unaffected rather than the affected hemisphere. This finding is in agreement with previous studies implicating the plasticity of cortical neurons in the unaffected hemisphere. Significance: Non-invasive brain stimulation appears to assist cortical reorganization in post-stroke dysphagia but emerging factors highlight the need for more data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)956-968
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume127
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Dysphagia
  • Non-invasive brain stimulation
  • Post-stroke population
  • Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
  • Unilateral lesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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