Demineralized bone powder (DBP) has repeatedly been shown to serve as an osteoinductive material. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different methods of storage of DBP on its osteoinductive property. Forty-five Long Evan rats were used in this study. Twenty rats were used as donors; the diaphyses of their femoral bones were used for the preparation of DBP. The DBP was divided into four portions that were either lyophilized or frozen at -70°C, -4°C, or kept at room temperature (25°C). All samples were stored under the specified condition for six months. At the time of implantation, fresh DBP was prepared and used as a control. Twenty-five rats were divided equally into five groups. Each group received an implant of either one of the differently preserved and stored samples of DBP or fresh DBP. The animals were killed 60 days following implantation. The implants were excised and processed to obtain 5 μm thick decalcified sections and 3 μm thick undecalcified sections. Semicomputerized histomorphometry was used for the quantification of the newly-formed bone in each implant. Newly-formed bone was detected in all experimental and control groups and there were no statistically significant differences between the various groups. It was concluded that DBP retains its osteoinductivity after lyophilization or preservation at -70°C, -4°C, and 25°C for a period of up to six months, and that the different methods of preservation did not significantly affect the amount of the induced newly-formed bone. The ease of storage of the DBP adds to its suitability as a bone-banked material.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery