Objective. Adding antimicrobial/anti-MMP quaternary ammonium methacrylates (QAMs) tocomonomer blends should not weaken the mechanical properties of dental resins. This workevaluated the degree conversion and mechanical properties of BisGMA/TEGDMA/HEMA(60:30:10) containing 0-15 mass% QAMs A-E (A: 2-acryloxyethyltrimethyl ammo-nium chloride; B: [3-(methacryloylamino)propyl]trimethylammonium chloride; C: [2-(methacryloxy)ethyl] trimethyl ammonium chloride; D: diallyldimethyl ammoniumchloride; E: 2-(methacryloyloxy) ethyltrimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate.
Methods. Unfilled resins with and without QAM were placed on ATR-FTIR and light-polymerized for 20 s in a thin film at 30°C. Unfilled resin beams were casted from squarehollow glass tubings. Half of the beams were tested after 3 days of drying (control); the otherhalf were tested wet after 3 days of water storage.
Results. Addition of QAMs in control resins significantly increased conversion 600 s afterlight termination, with the exception of 5% MAPTAC (p < 0.05). Increase of QAM contentwithin a formulation significantly increased conversion. Control beams gave dry Young'smoduli of ∼700 MPa. Addition of 5, 10 or 15 mass% QAMs produced significant reductionsin dry Young's moduli except for 5% B or C. 15 mass% A, B and C lowered the wet Young'smoduli of the resin beams by more than 30%. The ultimate tensile stress (UTS) of controldry resin was 89 ± 11 MPa. Addition of 5-10 mass% QAMs had no adverse effect on the dryUTS. After water storage, the UTS of all resin blends fell significantly (p < 0.05), especiallywhen 15 wt% QAMs was added. Control dry beams gave fracture toughness (KIC) values of0.88 ± 0.1 MPa m1/2. Wet values were significantly higher at 1.02 ± 0.06 (p < 0.05). KIC of dry beams varied from 0.85 ± 0.08 at 5% QAMs to 0.49 ± 0.05 at 15% QAMs. Wet beams gave KIC values of 1.02 ± 0.06 MPa m1/2 that fell to 0.23 ± 0.01 at 15% QAMs.
Significance. Addition of 10% QAMs increased the degree of conversion of unfilled resins, but lowered wet toughness and UTS; addition of 15% QAMs lowered the mechanical properties of wet resins below acceptable levels.
- Fracture toughness
- Quaternary ammonium
- Ultimate tensile strength
- Young's modulus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials