Effects of Salt Rich Diet in the Obese Zucker Rats: Studies on Renal Function during Isotonic Volume Expansion

Jaya Pamidimukkala, Bhagavan S. Jandhyala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obese Zucker rats (OZR) are hyperinsulenemic, hyperglycemic and dyslipidemic and develop salt dependent hypertension. Since salt sensitivity is considered to be due to impaired handling of renal sodium excretion, these studies were conducted in the obese and lean Zucker rats (LZR) anesthetized with Inactin to evaluate renal function under basal conditions and during acute isotonic fluid volume expansion (VE). Mean Arterial blood pressure (MBP), heart rate (HR), renal blood flow(RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were not significantly different between the lean Zucker rats fed normal diet or that fed salt rich diet(8% NaCl). However, basal UV and UNaV were significantly greater in the LZR fed high salt. During VE essentially identical increases occurred in GFR, UV and UNaV in both the lean groups. In the OZR fed salt rich diet also, there were no significant changes in the heart rate, RBF and GFR. However, arterial blood pressure of the OZR fed salt rich diet was significantly greater than that of the OZR on the normal diet as well as that of both the lean groups. Also, as in the LZR, basal UV and UNaV were significantly greater in the salt fed obese rats. During volume expansion there were no impairments in the ability of the obese groups fed normal or salt rich diet to eliminate sodium and water during volume load. In fact, the net sodium and water excretions during and 60 min after VE in both the obese groups were significantly greater than that of corresponding lean groups. Furthermore, these values in the OZR fed salt rich diet were significantly greater than that of the obese rats on normal salt diet perhaps due to the contribution of 'pressure natriuretic mechanisms'. These data demonstrate that although OZR are salt sensitive, the renal mechanisms that would collectively respond to acute isotonic VE were fully functional. An unexpected and a novel finding in these studies is that the salt rich diet, in addition to increasing arterial blood pressure also significantly lowered plasma of insulin levels and enhanced glucose and cholesterol levels in the obese Zucker rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-67
Number of pages13
JournalClinical and Experimental Hypertension
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Obese zucker rats
  • Renal function
  • Salt sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology

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