Effects of water, speed, and experimental instrumentation on finishing and polishing porcelain intra-orally

Van Benjamine Haywood, H. O. Heymann, M. S. Scurria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies indicated that porcelain can be polished smoother than glazed porcelain with instruments suitable for intra-oral use. This study evaluated several experimental instruments and materials to determine if polishing could be done more efficiently. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the surface texture produced by different combinations of experimental instruments applied with high and moderate speed, wet and dry, to porcelain disks. No sequence matched the polished standard. However, the optimum surface texture was obtained with diamond instruments (with progressively smaller particle sizes) used at a moderate speed with water, followed by a 30-fluted carbide bur at high speed and dry, then diamond polishing paste on a webbed rubber cup. In all polishing sequences tested, the best results were obtained with each individual instrument when diamond instruments were used at moderate speed wet, and when carbide instruments were used at high speed dry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-188
Number of pages4
JournalDental Materials
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dental Porcelain
Diamond
Porcelain
Polishing
Water
Rubber
Diamonds
Ointments
Particle Size
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Carbides
Textures
Adhesive pastes
Particle size
Scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Effects of water, speed, and experimental instrumentation on finishing and polishing porcelain intra-orally. / Haywood, Van Benjamine; Heymann, H. O.; Scurria, M. S.

In: Dental Materials, Vol. 5, No. 3, 01.01.1989, p. 185-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3d521b0fa407493691c9934987dd2817,
title = "Effects of water, speed, and experimental instrumentation on finishing and polishing porcelain intra-orally",
abstract = "Previous studies indicated that porcelain can be polished smoother than glazed porcelain with instruments suitable for intra-oral use. This study evaluated several experimental instruments and materials to determine if polishing could be done more efficiently. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the surface texture produced by different combinations of experimental instruments applied with high and moderate speed, wet and dry, to porcelain disks. No sequence matched the polished standard. However, the optimum surface texture was obtained with diamond instruments (with progressively smaller particle sizes) used at a moderate speed with water, followed by a 30-fluted carbide bur at high speed and dry, then diamond polishing paste on a webbed rubber cup. In all polishing sequences tested, the best results were obtained with each individual instrument when diamond instruments were used at moderate speed wet, and when carbide instruments were used at high speed dry.",
author = "Haywood, {Van Benjamine} and Heymann, {H. O.} and Scurria, {M. S.}",
year = "1989",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0109-5641(89)90011-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "185--188",
journal = "Dental Materials",
issn = "0109-5641",
publisher = "Elsevier Science",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of water, speed, and experimental instrumentation on finishing and polishing porcelain intra-orally

AU - Haywood, Van Benjamine

AU - Heymann, H. O.

AU - Scurria, M. S.

PY - 1989/1/1

Y1 - 1989/1/1

N2 - Previous studies indicated that porcelain can be polished smoother than glazed porcelain with instruments suitable for intra-oral use. This study evaluated several experimental instruments and materials to determine if polishing could be done more efficiently. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the surface texture produced by different combinations of experimental instruments applied with high and moderate speed, wet and dry, to porcelain disks. No sequence matched the polished standard. However, the optimum surface texture was obtained with diamond instruments (with progressively smaller particle sizes) used at a moderate speed with water, followed by a 30-fluted carbide bur at high speed and dry, then diamond polishing paste on a webbed rubber cup. In all polishing sequences tested, the best results were obtained with each individual instrument when diamond instruments were used at moderate speed wet, and when carbide instruments were used at high speed dry.

AB - Previous studies indicated that porcelain can be polished smoother than glazed porcelain with instruments suitable for intra-oral use. This study evaluated several experimental instruments and materials to determine if polishing could be done more efficiently. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the surface texture produced by different combinations of experimental instruments applied with high and moderate speed, wet and dry, to porcelain disks. No sequence matched the polished standard. However, the optimum surface texture was obtained with diamond instruments (with progressively smaller particle sizes) used at a moderate speed with water, followed by a 30-fluted carbide bur at high speed and dry, then diamond polishing paste on a webbed rubber cup. In all polishing sequences tested, the best results were obtained with each individual instrument when diamond instruments were used at moderate speed wet, and when carbide instruments were used at high speed dry.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024660272&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024660272&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0109-5641(89)90011-0

DO - 10.1016/0109-5641(89)90011-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 2637214

AN - SCOPUS:0024660272

VL - 5

SP - 185

EP - 188

JO - Dental Materials

JF - Dental Materials

SN - 0109-5641

IS - 3

ER -