Efficient stabilization of Cu+ ions in phosphate glasses via reduction of Cu2+ by Sn2+ during ambient atmosphere melting

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glasses containing substantial amounts of well-dispersed luminescent Cu+ ions are attractive materials for applications in solid-state lighting, photonic waveguides, and solar cells. Thus far, coming across a simple yet effective method for the preparation of such has remained elusive given the instability of Cu+ relative to Cu2+, especially for syntheses carried out under the oxidizing air atmosphere. In this work, high concentrations of monovalent copper ions are shown to be successfully incorporated in a high-solubility phosphate glass matrix by a simple melt-quench method. The traditional Cu2+ spectrophotometric analysis commonly utilized for liquid solutions is proposed herein for the solid-state material to estimate the reduction efficiency of Cu2+ during the material preparation process. Reproducibly, the use of relatively large quantities of copper(II) oxide with equal amounts of reducing agent tin(II) oxide (up to 20 mol%), together with the use of sucrose to assist as antioxidant during melting in air atmosphere, yields high-reduction efficiencies estimated at 98 %. Along with the optical absorption analysis, photoluminescence spectroscopy is employed in evaluating the emission properties of the glasses in connection to the Cu+ ions. Further, solid-state 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy reveals the structural features of the glasses that support the remarkable stabilization of the Cu+ ions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4387-4393
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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