Dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) alters arachidonate metabolism. This study characterizes the effect of dietary EPA on endothelium-dependent vasodilation to acetylcholine (ACH) and ATP in guinea pig coronary resistance vessels. Guinea pigs were fed standard chow (n = 6), standard chow + sesame seed oil (n = 6), or standard chow + menhaden fish oil (17% EPA; n = 6). Coronary vasodilations were examined in the isolated, potassium-arrested heart utilizing a modified Langendorff preparation. Coronary vessels were constricted with prostaglandin F2α and relaxed with ACH (5.5 × 10−9-10−6 moles) or ATP (10−10-10−7 moles). Endothelium-dependent dilations to ACH, but not ATP, were attenuated by dietary supplementation with EPA. To assess the role of the endothelium in modulating vascular responses to agonists following dietary manipulation, the perfusate was stimulated by electrolysis (9 V, 4 Hz, 2 msec) in order to generate free radicals, which we have shown to preferentially damage the endothelium. After endothelial damage, responses to ACH, ATP, and nitroprusside were similar between the dietary groups. In an additional group of standard diet animals (n = 6) experiments were performed to assess the role of prostanoid metabolism in affecting coronary vascular reactivity. Perfusion of hearts with indomethacin (14 μM) reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilations to ACH (5.5 × 10−9-10−5 moles), but not to ATP (10−10-10−7 moles). After endothelial damage, infusion of ACH resulted in vasoconstriction, whereas vasodilation responses to ATP were absent. We conclude that dietary supplementation with EPA inhibits endothelium-dependent dilations to ACH in guinea pig coronary microvessels. These diet-related differences in vascular reactivity may be related to the fish-oil-induced alteration of vasodilator prostaglandin metabolism. In the coronary bed, different endothelial factors appear to mediate relaxation to ACH and ATP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - Sep 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)