We have investigated the N- and Ga-polar faces of bulk GaN substrates with photoluminescence (PL) and the surface photovoltage (SPV) technique using a Kelvin probe attached to an optical cryostat. Experiments were conducted in vacuum. Some of the surfaces were mechanically polished (MP), while others were epi-ready after a chemical-mechanical polish (CMP). From the SPV measurements, the band bending in a sample having both surfaces treated with the CMP method was calculated to be about 0.83 and 0.70 eV for the Ga- and N-polar surfaces, respectively. The restoration of the SPV after ceasing the UV illumination showed that the SPV from CMP-treated surfaces behaved as predicted by a thermionic model, whereas the SPV from MP-treated surfaces restored with a much faster-than-predicted rate. This result can be interpreted by the hopping of charge carriers in the highly-defective near-surface layer of the MP-treated samples. Remarkably, removing the top 700 nm defective layer by dry etching restored the quality of the electrical and optical properties of GaN.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 2013|
- Kelvin probe
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics