We report on the electrogenic nature of the transport process mediated by the rat sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter. In Cos-7 cells, the relationship of Na+ concentration versus biotin and pantothe nate uptake rate was sigmoidal with a Na+:substrate stoichiometry of 2:1. In Cos-7 cells expressing rat SMVT biotin transport was significantly higher when the membrane was hyperpolarized and considerably reduced when the membrane was depolarized. Similarly, biotin uptake in X. laevis oocytes expressing rat SMVT was inhibited with depolarized oocyte membrane by altering the K+ permeability across the membrane. It is concluded that the transport of biotin and pantothenate mediated by rat SMVT is electrogenic with a Na+:substrate coupling ratio of 2:1 and that the transport process is associated with the transfer of one net positive charge across the membrane per transport cycle. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Apr 21 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology