Emission modes in electro co-flow

J. Guerrero, A. J. Hijano, M. A. Lobato, F. J. Higuera, I. G. Loscertales, A. Fernandez-Nieves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


We apply an electric field to a moderately conducting liquid surrounded by another co-flowing liquid, all inside a glass-based microfluidic device, and study and classify the resulting emission modes. The viscosity and flow rate of the co-flowing liquid affect the number of modes observed in classical electrospray as well as their geometrical characteristics. In particular, we observe a two-dimensional whipping mode not described before. We also provide a qualitative description of some of the modes, including dripping, electrodripping, microdripping, the cone-jet mode, and both the two- and three-dimensional whipping modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number082009
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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    Guerrero, J., Hijano, A. J., Lobato, M. A., Higuera, F. J., Loscertales, I. G., & Fernandez-Nieves, A. (2019). Emission modes in electro co-flow. Physics of Fluids, 31(8), [082009]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5121714