Endoscopic assisted craniotomy for resection of fourth ventricular lesions and confirmation of aqueductal patency via a suboccipital median aperture approach

Robin Du, Ali Tafreshi, Daniel Donoho, Martin Rutkowski, Gabriel Zada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Adequate exposure to fourth ventricular (4V) lesions located adjacent to the cerebral aqueduct and superior medullary velum often mandates extensive telovelar dissection. We assessed the utility of endoscopic assistance via a median aperture approach during suboccipital resection of 4V lesions. We retrospectively reviewed a series of nine patients who underwent suboccipital resection of a 4V lesion via an endoscopic-assisted median aperture approach from 2011 to 2018. Our series included the following pathology: ependymoma (2), rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors (2), pilocytic astrocytoma (1), metastatic melanoma (1), epidermoid cyst (1), organized hematoma (1), and neurocysticercosis (1). Preoperative symptoms included headache (n = 8, 88.9%), nausea (n = 5, 55.6%), vomiting, dizziness, and gait disturbance (n = 4 each, 44.5%). In four cases, the endoscope was used for the majority of the resection or to resect additional tumor located rostrally in the 4V following maximal microscopic resection. In five patients, it was used to confirm extent of resection and patency of the cerebral aqueduct. Gross total resection was achieved in five patients (55.6%). No postoperative complications were attributed to use of the endoscope for additional resection. No patients required immediate CSF diversion, and one patient underwent ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion over one year after initial biopsy/fenestration due to tumor progression. Our series is the first to demonstrate the utility of angled endoscopic assistance via a median aperture approach during microsurgical approaches for a variety of 4V lesions. Confirmation of patency of the cerebral aqueduct may help avoid requirements for CSF diversion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-55
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Cerebral aqueduct
  • Cerebral ventricle neoplasms
  • Endoscopic surgery
  • Fourth ventricle
  • Neuroendoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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