Endostatin reduces vascularization, blood flow, and growth in a rat gliosarcoma

Dag R. Sorensen, Tracy Ann Read, Torsten Porwol, Bjorn Reino Olsen, Rupert Timpl, Takako Sasaki, Per O. Iversen, Haakon B. Benestad, B. Kim Lee Sim, Rolf Bjerkvig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endostatin, the 20-kDa C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, has previously been shown to inhibit growth and induce regression of different experimental tumors in rodents. In this study, we show that recombinant murine and human endostatin, produced in 293 EBNA cells and yeast, respectively, inhibit ectotopic as well as orthotopic growing BT4Cn gliosarcomas in BD-IX rats. In rats in which s.c. gliomas were grown for a total of 29 days, systemic treatment with recombinant murine endostatin induced about 50% reduction of intratumoral blood flow and tumor size after only 10 days of therapy. In contrast, the blood flow to irrelevant organs was unaffected by endostatin, indicating its specificity of action. Tumors were not observed to increase in size or regrow after cessation of therapy. Furthermore, endostatin-treated rats with i.c. tumors had significantly longer survival time than did untreated controls. In the treated rats, endostatin therapy resulted in a reduced tumor blood vessel volume and an increased tumor cell density with an increased apoptotic index within a given tumor volume, as verified by flow cytometry and by staining with deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling. This work verifies the general anti-angiogenic and antitumor effects of endostatin and indicates that the protein may also be considered as a treatment strategy for malignant brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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