Endothelin-1 inhibits and enhances contraction of porcine coronary arterial strips with an intact endothelium

Masuko Fukai, Junji Nishimura, Hiroki Aoki, Sei Kobayashi, Hideo Kanaide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Using front-surface fluorometry and fura-2-loaded porcine coronary arterial strips with an intact endothelium, changes in cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) and tension of smooth muscle were simultaneously monitored in an attempt to determine the vasoactive properties of endothelin-1 (ET-1). ET-1 in low concentrations (0.1-1nM) caused a significant transient decrease in [Ca2+]i and tension of the strips precontracted with 10-7M U-46619. The maximal decreases in [Ca2+]i and tension were obtained with 0.6nM ET-1. In higher concentrations (1nM-100nM), there was no reduction in [Ca2+]i or tension; the contraction induced by U-46619 was potentiated. The decreases in [Ca2+]i and tension induced by ET-1 were inhibited by the mechanical removal of the endothelium or by pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine and were slightly attenuated by indomethacin. Thus, ET-1 in low concentrations can induce endothelium-dependent transient relaxations accompanied by transient reductions of [Ca2+]i in isolated porcine coronary arteries. This effect is mainly mediated by the release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-524
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 15 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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