Endothelin-1 inhibits and enhances contraction of porcine coronary arterial strips with an intact endothelium

Masuko Fukai, Junji Nishimura, Hiroki Aoki, Sei Kobayashi, Hideo Kanaide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using front-surface fluorometry and fura-2-loaded porcine coronary arterial strips with an intact endothelium, changes in cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) and tension of smooth muscle were simultaneously monitored in an attempt to determine the vasoactive properties of endothelin-1 (ET-1). ET-1 in low concentrations (0.1-1nM) caused a significant transient decrease in [Ca2+]i and tension of the strips precontracted with 10-7M U-46619. The maximal decreases in [Ca2+]i and tension were obtained with 0.6nM ET-1. In higher concentrations (1nM-100nM), there was no reduction in [Ca2+]i or tension; the contraction induced by U-46619 was potentiated. The decreases in [Ca2+]i and tension induced by ET-1 were inhibited by the mechanical removal of the endothelium or by pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine and were slightly attenuated by indomethacin. Thus, ET-1 in low concentrations can induce endothelium-dependent transient relaxations accompanied by transient reductions of [Ca2+]i in isolated porcine coronary arteries. This effect is mainly mediated by the release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-524
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume184
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Endothelin-1
Endothelium
Swine
15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors
Fluorometry
Fura-2
Nitroarginine
Indomethacin
Smooth Muscle
Muscle
Coronary Vessels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Endothelin-1 inhibits and enhances contraction of porcine coronary arterial strips with an intact endothelium. / Fukai, Masuko; Nishimura, Junji; Aoki, Hiroki; Kobayashi, Sei; Kanaide, Hideo.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 184, No. 1, 15.04.1992, p. 518-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fukai, Masuko ; Nishimura, Junji ; Aoki, Hiroki ; Kobayashi, Sei ; Kanaide, Hideo. / Endothelin-1 inhibits and enhances contraction of porcine coronary arterial strips with an intact endothelium. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 1992 ; Vol. 184, No. 1. pp. 518-524.
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