Endothelin-1 receptor subtypes expression and binding in a perfused rat model of myocardial infarction

Anwar B. Bikhazi, Adeeb M. Khalifeh, Wael A. Jaroudi, Rihab E. Saadeddine, Abdu R. Jurjus, Marwan E. El-Sabban, Khalil M. Bitar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) pathophysiologic actions are mediated via binding with two receptor subtypes, ETA and ETB. Release of ET-1 from endocardial endothelial cells and cardiac myocytes can modulate heart tissue necrosis and alterations. This study investigates the remodeling processes in Sprague-Dawley rats of myocardial infarction (MI) induced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Histological studies were done on cell type distribution using cell specific markers and Western blot analysis to localize ET-1 receptor subtypes and assess their expression post-MI. In addition, the binding kinetics of ET-1 with its receptors in heart perfusion, inlet via the aortic lumen and effluent outlet via the right atrium, between two animal model-subgroups were done: (1) sham-operated, and sham-operated-CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl) dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate)-treated; and (2) MI-operated, and MI-operated-CHAPS-treated. Effluent ET-1 concentration was plotted vs. time using a physical model for 1:1 ligand-receptor binding at coronary endothelium and myocytes. First order impulse function was used to calculate the affinity constants. In MI hearts, fluorescence activity increased for ETA vs. ETB across areas of the muscle compared to normal hearts. Western blotting showed upregulation of ETA and ETB receptors in MI compared with normal hearts. Results of ET-1 binding affinity post-MI indicated drastic reduction in spite the upregulation of ETB on coronary endothelium. Furthermore, substantial affinity increase was observed between ET-1 binding with ETA at the myocyte site. These findings stipulate that during 1 month post-MI some biochemical and hormonal effects could alter ET-1 receptor subtype(s) regulation and pharmacodynamics thus predisposing to cardiac hypertrophy and mitogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part - C: Toxicology and Pharmacology
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endothelin-1
  • Heart
  • Hypertrophy
  • Mitogenesis
  • Receptor regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Toxicology
  • Cell Biology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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