Endothelium and myocyte cellular insulin receptor alterations in a rat model of myocardial infarction

Wael A. Jaroudi, Abdo R. Jurjus, Marwan E. El-Sabban, Maud T. Kamal, Khalil M. Bitar, Anwar B. Bikhazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemic heart disease is considered to be one of the leading causes of death in adults. While extensive research on mechanisms contributing to the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction (MI) has been underway, it is not known whether insulin receptor characteristics and postreceptor signaling have been fully addressed as yet. Present work attempts to investigate whether the remodeling process effectively induces alteration(s) in insulin-binding characteristics at the coronary endothelium and cardiomyocytes using a rat heart model of MI. MI was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two animal groups were used in the study: (i) sham-operated CHAPS-untreated and CHAPS-treated, and (ii) MI CHAPS-untreated and MI CHAPS-treated. A physical model describing 1:1 stoichiometry of reversible insulin binding to its receptors present on the endothelium and at cardiomyocytes after CHAPS treatment was considered for data analysis. Quantitation of the collected effluents after heart perfusion, the inlet at the aortic and outlet at the coronary sinus sites, were curve fitted using a first-order Bessel function, which determines the binding constants (kn), the reversible constant (k-n), the dissociation constant (kd = k-n/kn), and the residency time constant (τ = 1/k-n). In addition, hearts were excised, separated into right and left ventricles, and individually weighed, and areas of infarcted regions were measured. Results of the MI group showed significant increases in relative heart mass, left ventricle mass, and right ventricle mass normalized to total body mass. MI induced severe ischemia and irreversible myocardial injury as assessed by planimetry and histologic studies. The data showed differences in insulin receptor affinities at the endothelial and cardiac myocytes in the sham and in the MI-operated rats. The observed reduction in the binding affinity of insulin at the myocyte postinfarction may explain the pathogenic role of insulin in ischemic heart disease and, hence, resistance. Therefore, insulin administration during and post MI might be cardioprotective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-273
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardioprotection
  • Insulin binding
  • Insulin therapy
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology (medical)

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