English language learners' self-efficacy profiles and relationship with self-regulated learning strategies

Do Hong Kim, Chuang Wang, Hyun Seon Ahn, Mimi Bong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations


This study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine different patterns of English as a Second Language (ESL) learners' self-efficacy beliefs for learning English. The Questionnaire of English Self-Efficacy was completed by undergraduate students in Korea. The LPA results revealed three groups representing low, medium, and high self-efficacy profiles. The high and medium self-efficacy profiles represent students who spent more years of studying English and are disproportionately female compared to the low self-efficacy profile. The low self-efficacy profile was significantly different from the medium and high self-efficacy profiles with respect to its self-regulated learning strategies and language interpretation strategies. The ESL learners' self-efficacy profiles identified in this study can be used to tailor instructions appropriately.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-142
Number of pages7
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes



  • English language learners
  • Latent profile analysis
  • Self-efficacy
  • Self-regulated learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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