Enhanced two-photon absorption using entangled states and small mode volumes

Hao You, S. M. Hendrickson, J. D. Franson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We calculate the rate of two-photon absorption for frequency-entangled photons in a tapered optical fiber whose diameter is comparable to the wavelength of the light. The confinement of the electric field in the transverse direction increases the intensity associated with a single photon, while the two-photon absorption rate is further enhanced by the fact that the sum of the frequencies of the two photons is on resonance with the upper atomic state, even though each photon has a relatively broad linewidth. As a result, the photons are effectively confined in all three dimensions and the two-photon absorption rate for frequency-entangled photons in a tapered fiber was found to be comparable to that for unentangled photons in a microcavity with a small mode volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043823
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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