The authors report a case of entero-paraspinous fistula 2 years after T-12 corpectomy and instrumentation for spinal metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. The pathogenesis in the present case seems to have arisen from local recurrence of T-12 metastatic carcinoma in spite of radiation and corpectomy. As a result of previous nephrectomy and anterolateral dissection for the T-12 corpectomy, the jejunum adhered to the surgical site. Recurrent tumor at T-12 invaded the adherent small bowel loop, resulting in a fistulous communication between the small bowel lumen and the spinal wound. Loss of retroperitoneal fat, scarring, and adhesions from previous surgeries contributed to this complication by having the jejunum close to the T-12 corpectomy site, and eventually to its invasion by recurrent tumor. Avoidance of such a complication is difficult; however, total excision of the spinal malignancy, and when possible, creating a barrier cuff of fascia or fat around the spine to protect abdominal contents, are potential solutions.
- Anterior spinal instrumentation
- Entero-spinal fistula
- Spinal metastatic tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology