Eosinophilic alveolitis in acute respiratory failure

A clinical marker for a non-infectious etiology

W. B. Davis, H. E. Wilson, R. L. Wall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two patients with acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation were found to have eosinophilic alveolitis on bronchoalveolar lavage and lung biopsy studies. Neither patient had evidence of lung infection or parasitic disease and both rapidly improved following treatment with corticosteroids. Lung eosinophilia in this setting is unusual, since the stress reaction that accompanies severe illness usually causes a rapid drop in circulating eosinophil levels. Eosinophilic alveolitis in such patients may be a useful clinical marker for non-infectious acute lung injury that is responsive to corticosteroid therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-10
Number of pages4
JournalChest
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

Fingerprint

Respiratory Insufficiency
Biomarkers
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Lung
Parasitic Diseases
Acute Lung Injury
Eosinophilia
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Artificial Respiration
Eosinophils
Lung Diseases
Biopsy
Therapeutics
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Eosinophilic alveolitis in acute respiratory failure : A clinical marker for a non-infectious etiology. / Davis, W. B.; Wilson, H. E.; Wall, R. L.

In: Chest, Vol. 90, No. 1, 01.01.1986, p. 7-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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