Epigenetic Regulation in Kidney Transplantation

Xiaohong Xiang, Jiefu Zhu, Guie Dong, Zheng Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kidney transplantation is a standard care for end stage renal disease, but it is also associated with a complex pathogenesis including ischemia-reperfusion injury, inflammation, and development of fibrosis. Over the past decade, accumulating evidence has suggested a role of epigenetic regulation in kidney transplantation, involving DNA methylation, histone modification, and various kinds of non-coding RNAs. Here, we analyze these recent studies supporting the role of epigenetic regulation in different pathological processes of kidney transplantation, i.e., ischemia-reperfusion injury, acute rejection, and chronic graft pathologies including renal interstitial fibrosis. Further investigation of epigenetic alterations, their pathological roles and underlying mechanisms in kidney transplantation may lead to new strategies for the discovery of novel diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number861498
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 8 2022

Keywords

  • acetylation
  • DNA methylation
  • epigenetic regulation
  • kidney transplantation
  • non-coding RNAs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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