Epinephrine-induced leukocytosis in acute asthma

R. Enberg, J. McCullough, D. Ownby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied epinephrine-induced changes in leukocyte counts in twelve persons with acute asthma and nine healthy, nonasthmatic individuals. Twenty-five minutes after subcutaneous injection of 0.3 mg of epinephrine, a significant increase in the mean numbers of total leukocytes was observed in both the asthmatic and control subjects, 9195 to 10519 and 6733 to 9222, respectively. Compared with controls, asthmatic individuals had increased numbers of total leukocytes, segmented neutrophils, and eosinophils prior to epinephrine, and the elevations in segmented neutrophils and eosinophils persisted after epinephrine. The increase in total leukocytes was largely secondary to an increase in lymphocytes. Lymphocyte increase were greater in control than in asthmatic individuals (P < .001). Of clinical importance is the finding that leukocyte counts drawn shortly after treatment with epinephrine do not suggest infection in patients whose pre-epinephrine counts were normal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-339
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Allergy
Volume57
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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    Enberg, R., McCullough, J., & Ownby, D. (1986). Epinephrine-induced leukocytosis in acute asthma. Annals of Allergy, 57(5), 337-339.