Erythrogenic toxin type B and its precursor isolated from nephritogenic streptococci induce leukocyte infiltration in normal rat kidneys

Maritza Josefina Romero Lucas, Jesus Mosquera, Ernesto Novo, Lucas Fernandez, Gustavo Parra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Leukocyte infiltration is a common feature in renal biopsies from patients with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN). Cationic streptococcal erythrogenic toxin type B (ETB) and its precursor (ETBP) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease, and the presence of ETB has been evidenced in renal biopsies from patients with APSGN. The present studies were performed to determine the effect of the ETBP and ETB on renal leukocyte infiltration and the mechanism(s) implicated in the phenomenon. Methods. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intrarenally with 100 μg of ETB or ETBP. Animals were sacrificed at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection and renal samples were studied by indirect immunofluorescence for the presence of leukocyte common antigen (LCA+) cells, C3, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and by direct immunofluorescence for the presence of immunoglobulins. ETB and ETBP were tested for chemotactic effect and migration inhibition factor (MIF) activity by chemotaxis under agarose and agarose microdroplet methods, respectively. Streptococcal proteins were also tested for the capacity to induce MIF activity in rat glomerular cultures. To test for the influence of cationic charge on renal LCA+ cell infiltration, rats were injected with cationized ferritin or polyethyleneimine (PEI) and sacrificed 1 h later. Results. An increased number of LCA+ cells was found in glomeruli and interstitial areas in ETB- or ETBP-injected animals. ETB and ETBP showed chemotactic and MIF activity on neutrophils and macrophages, and ETBP induced MIF activity in supernatants of glomerular cultures. Data obtained from C3, MCP-1, ICAM-1 or immunoglobulin renal staining in experimental animals were not significantly different when compared to control values. Cationized compounds failed to induce LCA+ cell infiltration; however, an increased number of glomerular LCA+ cells was observed after PEI perfusion. Conclusions. ETB and ETBP induce renal LCA+ cell infiltration during a short period after intrarenal injection, and this finding could be mediated by chemotactic and MIF activities. These observations could be relevant in the early events of pathogenesis of APSGN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1867-1874
Number of pages8
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Streptococcus
Leukocytes
Kidney
Glomerulonephritis
Polyethyleneimine
Chemokine CCL2
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Sepharose
Immunoglobulins
CD45 Antigens
Biopsy
Direct Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Injections
erythrogenic toxin
Chemotaxis
Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Sprague Dawley Rats
Neutrophils
Perfusion
Cell Count

Keywords

  • Kidney
  • Leukocyte infiltration
  • Streptococcal erythrogenic toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Erythrogenic toxin type B and its precursor isolated from nephritogenic streptococci induce leukocyte infiltration in normal rat kidneys. / Romero Lucas, Maritza Josefina; Mosquera, Jesus; Novo, Ernesto; Fernandez, Lucas; Parra, Gustavo.

In: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, Vol. 14, No. 8, 10.08.1999, p. 1867-1874.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background. Leukocyte infiltration is a common feature in renal biopsies from patients with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN). Cationic streptococcal erythrogenic toxin type B (ETB) and its precursor (ETBP) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease, and the presence of ETB has been evidenced in renal biopsies from patients with APSGN. The present studies were performed to determine the effect of the ETBP and ETB on renal leukocyte infiltration and the mechanism(s) implicated in the phenomenon. Methods. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intrarenally with 100 μg of ETB or ETBP. Animals were sacrificed at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection and renal samples were studied by indirect immunofluorescence for the presence of leukocyte common antigen (LCA+) cells, C3, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and by direct immunofluorescence for the presence of immunoglobulins. ETB and ETBP were tested for chemotactic effect and migration inhibition factor (MIF) activity by chemotaxis under agarose and agarose microdroplet methods, respectively. Streptococcal proteins were also tested for the capacity to induce MIF activity in rat glomerular cultures. To test for the influence of cationic charge on renal LCA+ cell infiltration, rats were injected with cationized ferritin or polyethyleneimine (PEI) and sacrificed 1 h later. Results. An increased number of LCA+ cells was found in glomeruli and interstitial areas in ETB- or ETBP-injected animals. ETB and ETBP showed chemotactic and MIF activity on neutrophils and macrophages, and ETBP induced MIF activity in supernatants of glomerular cultures. Data obtained from C3, MCP-1, ICAM-1 or immunoglobulin renal staining in experimental animals were not significantly different when compared to control values. Cationized compounds failed to induce LCA+ cell infiltration; however, an increased number of glomerular LCA+ cells was observed after PEI perfusion. Conclusions. ETB and ETBP induce renal LCA+ cell infiltration during a short period after intrarenal injection, and this finding could be mediated by chemotactic and MIF activities. These observations could be relevant in the early events of pathogenesis of APSGN.",
keywords = "Kidney, Leukocyte infiltration, Streptococcal erythrogenic toxin",
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T1 - Erythrogenic toxin type B and its precursor isolated from nephritogenic streptococci induce leukocyte infiltration in normal rat kidneys

AU - Romero Lucas, Maritza Josefina

AU - Mosquera, Jesus

AU - Novo, Ernesto

AU - Fernandez, Lucas

AU - Parra, Gustavo

PY - 1999/8/10

Y1 - 1999/8/10

N2 - Background. Leukocyte infiltration is a common feature in renal biopsies from patients with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN). Cationic streptococcal erythrogenic toxin type B (ETB) and its precursor (ETBP) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease, and the presence of ETB has been evidenced in renal biopsies from patients with APSGN. The present studies were performed to determine the effect of the ETBP and ETB on renal leukocyte infiltration and the mechanism(s) implicated in the phenomenon. Methods. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intrarenally with 100 μg of ETB or ETBP. Animals were sacrificed at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection and renal samples were studied by indirect immunofluorescence for the presence of leukocyte common antigen (LCA+) cells, C3, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and by direct immunofluorescence for the presence of immunoglobulins. ETB and ETBP were tested for chemotactic effect and migration inhibition factor (MIF) activity by chemotaxis under agarose and agarose microdroplet methods, respectively. Streptococcal proteins were also tested for the capacity to induce MIF activity in rat glomerular cultures. To test for the influence of cationic charge on renal LCA+ cell infiltration, rats were injected with cationized ferritin or polyethyleneimine (PEI) and sacrificed 1 h later. Results. An increased number of LCA+ cells was found in glomeruli and interstitial areas in ETB- or ETBP-injected animals. ETB and ETBP showed chemotactic and MIF activity on neutrophils and macrophages, and ETBP induced MIF activity in supernatants of glomerular cultures. Data obtained from C3, MCP-1, ICAM-1 or immunoglobulin renal staining in experimental animals were not significantly different when compared to control values. Cationized compounds failed to induce LCA+ cell infiltration; however, an increased number of glomerular LCA+ cells was observed after PEI perfusion. Conclusions. ETB and ETBP induce renal LCA+ cell infiltration during a short period after intrarenal injection, and this finding could be mediated by chemotactic and MIF activities. These observations could be relevant in the early events of pathogenesis of APSGN.

AB - Background. Leukocyte infiltration is a common feature in renal biopsies from patients with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN). Cationic streptococcal erythrogenic toxin type B (ETB) and its precursor (ETBP) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease, and the presence of ETB has been evidenced in renal biopsies from patients with APSGN. The present studies were performed to determine the effect of the ETBP and ETB on renal leukocyte infiltration and the mechanism(s) implicated in the phenomenon. Methods. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intrarenally with 100 μg of ETB or ETBP. Animals were sacrificed at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection and renal samples were studied by indirect immunofluorescence for the presence of leukocyte common antigen (LCA+) cells, C3, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and by direct immunofluorescence for the presence of immunoglobulins. ETB and ETBP were tested for chemotactic effect and migration inhibition factor (MIF) activity by chemotaxis under agarose and agarose microdroplet methods, respectively. Streptococcal proteins were also tested for the capacity to induce MIF activity in rat glomerular cultures. To test for the influence of cationic charge on renal LCA+ cell infiltration, rats were injected with cationized ferritin or polyethyleneimine (PEI) and sacrificed 1 h later. Results. An increased number of LCA+ cells was found in glomeruli and interstitial areas in ETB- or ETBP-injected animals. ETB and ETBP showed chemotactic and MIF activity on neutrophils and macrophages, and ETBP induced MIF activity in supernatants of glomerular cultures. Data obtained from C3, MCP-1, ICAM-1 or immunoglobulin renal staining in experimental animals were not significantly different when compared to control values. Cationized compounds failed to induce LCA+ cell infiltration; however, an increased number of glomerular LCA+ cells was observed after PEI perfusion. Conclusions. ETB and ETBP induce renal LCA+ cell infiltration during a short period after intrarenal injection, and this finding could be mediated by chemotactic and MIF activities. These observations could be relevant in the early events of pathogenesis of APSGN.

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