Echocardiographic methods based on geometric models have long been in use for estimating left ventricular mass, but there is currently no similar method for estimating right ventricular (RV) free-wall mass. We hypothesized that a one-quarter prolate ellipsoid model could be used with two-dimensional echocardiography to approximate RV mass. Over a 2-year period 39 patients who had both a complete cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and an echocardiogram within 2 weeks of each other were retrospectively analyzed. MRI-derived RV mass was used as the standard for comparison. Echocardiographic RV mass was estimated using three equations based on the geometric model. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine the correction factors used in the final formulae. The formula with the lowest standard error of the estimate was then prospectively analyzed for accuracy using a separate group of 88 subjects. The most accurate echocardiographic equation derived was RV mass = 5.84 (apical four-chamber RV cavity planar area) (RV free-wall thickness) + 1. Compared to MRI-RV mass the correlation coefficient was 0.97 and the standard error of the estimate was 16.8%. The positive and negative predictive values for diagnosing RV hypertrophy were 95% and 88%, respectively. We conclude that RV free-wall mass can be estimated by two-dimensional echocardiography using a one-quarter prolate ellipsoid shell model.
- Right ventricle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine