Ethnic differences in the prevalence of asthma in middle class children

Dorothy A. Nelson, Christine C. Johnson, George W. Divine, Cathey Strauchman, Christine L.M. Joseph, Dennis Randall Ownby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Studies have shown a higher prevalence of asthma among boys compared with girls and in blacks compared with whites, but it has been difficult to separate socioeconomic from racial effects because the blacks in the studied populations were more likely to have low socioeconomic status. Objective: To compare the prevalence of asthma in a socioeconomcically homogeneous, middle class, multiethnic population of schoolchildren. Methods: Based on a telephone survey of all families of third-graders in Southfield, Michigan, we ascertained the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma and probable undiagnosed asthma. One reason Southfield was chosen for study was because the city comprises an integrated middle class population with only 4% blacks and 7% whites having incomes below federal poverty limits. Results: The lifetime prevalence of asthma was 9.5% (12% for blacks and 6% for whites) and higher in boys (14%) than girls (5%), a pattern that was reflected in period prevalence estimates. The lifetime prevalence of probable undiagnosed asthma was greater in blacks (16.6%) than whites (10.8%), with little sex difference. Adjusting for sex and maternal education, the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma and probable asthma were associated independently with black ethnicity. Conclusions: Our study is unique in the similarity of the black and white families' socioeconomic status and residence in the same middle class community. Since access to medical care and macro-environmental conditions were similar across this study population, our results are consistent with the hypothesis that differences in biologic factors between blacks and whites and boys and girls play a role in asthma risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Asthma
Social Class
Physicians
Sex Education
Biological Factors
Poverty
Telephone
Sex Characteristics
Population
Mothers
hydroquinone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Ethnic differences in the prevalence of asthma in middle class children. / Nelson, Dorothy A.; Johnson, Christine C.; Divine, George W.; Strauchman, Cathey; Joseph, Christine L.M.; Ownby, Dennis Randall.

In: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Vol. 78, No. 1, 01.01.1997, p. 21-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nelson, Dorothy A. ; Johnson, Christine C. ; Divine, George W. ; Strauchman, Cathey ; Joseph, Christine L.M. ; Ownby, Dennis Randall. / Ethnic differences in the prevalence of asthma in middle class children. In: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. 1997 ; Vol. 78, No. 1. pp. 21-26.
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