Ethnographer Bias in Cross-Cultural Research: An Empirical Study

Ronald P. Rohner, Billie R. Dewalt, Robert C Ness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We direct attention in this paper to the problem of ethnographer bias (i.e. systematic errors occurring in the ethnographic reporting process) in cross-cultural research, and therefore in ethnographic fieldwork itself. Using multiple regression and other multivariate statistics, we assess the influence of ethnographer bias on the correlation between traits in the cross-cultural survey component of Rohner's Rejection-Acceptance Project (RAP). These procedures suggest a systematic ethnographer error, “the bias of romanticism,” in anthropological research. Overall, however, the relationships among substantive variables in this research cannot be ex plained by this bias or by other forms of systematic error plaguing cross-cultural research. Thus in the absence of a successful competing theory, we conclude that all but one of the universal causal-functional relation ships postulated in Rohner's theory are validated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-308
Number of pages34
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1973

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Empirical Research
trend
Research
Romanticism
Anthropology
Ships
acceptance
statistics
regression
Empirical Study
Ethnographers
Cross-cultural Research
Ethnographic
Systematic Error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ethnographer Bias in Cross-Cultural Research : An Empirical Study. / Rohner, Ronald P.; Dewalt, Billie R.; Ness, Robert C.

In: Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 8, No. 4, 01.01.1973, p. 275-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rohner, Ronald P. ; Dewalt, Billie R. ; Ness, Robert C. / Ethnographer Bias in Cross-Cultural Research : An Empirical Study. In: Cross-Cultural Research. 1973 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 275-308.
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