Statement of problem: Implant abutment screw loosening is a common prosthetic complication of implant-supported crowns. However, reports that have objectively evaluated the effectiveness of different tightening protocols on reverse tightening values are sparse. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the optimal tightening protocol for implant abutment screws. Material and methods: Fifty Neoss implants were randomly distributed to 5 groups (n=10). The implants received a cover screw and mounted, and the impression coping was tightened. Tightening was measured by using a digital measuring device. Then, the implant abutments were placed and tightened to 32 Ncm by using a Crystaloc screw. In Group 2T10I, the screws were tightened twice with an interval of 10 minutes between the first and second tightening. In Group 2T0I, the screws were tightened twice with no interval time. In Group 1T, the screws were tightened 1 time only. In Group TCT, the screws were tightened, counter-tightened, and then tightened again. In Group TCTCT, the abutment screws were tightened, counter-tightened, tightened, counter-tightened, and then tightened again. All the mounted implants were left in the same environment for 3 hours, and the reverse tightening values were then measured. Results: The mean reverse tightening values of the first 4 groups ranged from 21.49 Ncm to 22.57 Ncm, whereas the reverse tightening value for the fifth group was 25.51 Ncm. A significant difference was found among the groups (P<.05) with reverse tightening data. Conclusions: No significant difference was found in tightening the abutment screw 2 times with a 10-minute interval time, no interval time, or tightening it 1 time only. However, a significant difference was found in reverse tightening in the 3-time tightening and counter-tightening group.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery