Exercise capacity as an independent risk factor for adverse cardiovascular outcomes among nondiabetic and diabetic patients

Bredy Pierre-Louis, Achuta K. Guddati, Muhammed Khyzar Hayat Syed, Vanessa E. Gorospe, Mark Manguerra, Chaitali Bagchi, Wilbert S. Aronow, Chul Ahn

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: To investigate if decreased exercise capacity is an independent risk factor for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in diabetics and nondiabetics. Material and methods: The association of decreased exercise capacity (EC) during a treadmill exercise sestamibi stress test with MACE was investigated in 490 nondiabetics and 404 diabetics. Mean follow-up was 53 months. Results: Nondiabetics with a predicted EC < 85% had a higher prevalence of myocardial ischemia (34% vs. 19%, p = 0.0002), 2- or 3-vessel obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) (31% vs. 13%, p = 0.016), myocardial infarction (MI) (17% vs. 7%, p = 0.0005), stroke (8% vs. 2%, p = 0.002), death (11% vs. 3%, p = 0.0002), and MI or stroke or death at follow-up (32% vs. 11%, p < 0.001) compared to nondiabetics with a predicted EC . 85%. Diabetics with a predicted EC < 85% had a higher prevalence of myocardial ischemia (48% vs. 32%, p = 0.0009), 2- or 3-vessel obstructive CAD (54% vs. 28%, p = 0.001), MI (32% vs. 14%, p < 0.001), stroke (22% vs. 6%, p < 0.001), death (17% vs. 9%, p = 0.031) , and MI or stroke or death at follow-up (65% vs. 27%, p < 0.001). Stepwise Cox regression analysis showed decreased EC was an independent and significant risk factor for MACE among nondiabetics (hazard ratio 3.3, p < 0.0001) and diabetics (hazard ratio 2.7, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Diabetics and nondiabetics with decreased EC were at increased risk for MACE with nondiabetics and decreased EC at similar risk as diabetics with normal EC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Medical Science
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Exercise capacity
  • Major adverse cardiac events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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