Exercise effects on quality of life, mood, and self-worth in overweight children

The SMART randomized controlled trial

Celestine F. Williams, Eduardo E. Bustamante, Jennifer L Waller, Catherine Lucy Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Overweight children are at risk for poor quality of life (QOL), depression, self-worth, and behavior problems. Exercise trials with children have shown improved mood and self-worth. Few studies utilized an attention control condition, QOL outcomes, or a follow-up evaluation after the intervention ends. The purpose is to test effects of an exercise program versus sedentary program on psychological factors in overweight children. One hundred seventy-five overweight children (87% black, 61% female, age 9.7 ± 0.9 years, 73% obese) were randomized to an 8 month aerobic exercise or sedentary after-school program. Depressive symptoms, anger expression, self-worth, and QOL were measured at baseline and post-Test. Depressive symptoms and QOL were also measured at follow-up. Intentto-treat mixed models evaluated intervention effects, including sex differences. At post-Test, QOL, depression, and self-worth improved; no group by time or sex by group by time interaction was detected for QOL or self-worth. Boys' depressive symptoms improved more and anger control decreased in the sedentary intervention relative to the exercise intervention at post-Test. At follow-up, depressive symptoms in boys in the sedentary group decreased more than other groups. Exercise provided benefits to QOL, depressive symptoms, and self-worth comparable to a sedentary program. Sedentary programs with games and artistic activities, interaction with adults and peers, and behavioral structure may be more beneficial to boys' mood than exercise. Some benefits of exercise in prior studies are probably attributable to program elements such as attention from adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-459
Number of pages9
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2019

Fingerprint

Randomized Controlled Trials
Quality of Life
Exercise
Depression
Anger
Exercise Test
Sex Characteristics
Psychology

Keywords

  • Aerobic exercise
  • Anger
  • Black
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Exercise effects on quality of life, mood, and self-worth in overweight children : The SMART randomized controlled trial. / Williams, Celestine F.; Bustamante, Eduardo E.; Waller, Jennifer L; Davis, Catherine Lucy.

In: Translational behavioral medicine, Vol. 9, No. 3, 16.05.2019, p. 451-459.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{37017368c915473797500ed0a92ceae3,
title = "Exercise effects on quality of life, mood, and self-worth in overweight children: The SMART randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Overweight children are at risk for poor quality of life (QOL), depression, self-worth, and behavior problems. Exercise trials with children have shown improved mood and self-worth. Few studies utilized an attention control condition, QOL outcomes, or a follow-up evaluation after the intervention ends. The purpose is to test effects of an exercise program versus sedentary program on psychological factors in overweight children. One hundred seventy-five overweight children (87{\%} black, 61{\%} female, age 9.7 ± 0.9 years, 73{\%} obese) were randomized to an 8 month aerobic exercise or sedentary after-school program. Depressive symptoms, anger expression, self-worth, and QOL were measured at baseline and post-Test. Depressive symptoms and QOL were also measured at follow-up. Intentto-treat mixed models evaluated intervention effects, including sex differences. At post-Test, QOL, depression, and self-worth improved; no group by time or sex by group by time interaction was detected for QOL or self-worth. Boys' depressive symptoms improved more and anger control decreased in the sedentary intervention relative to the exercise intervention at post-Test. At follow-up, depressive symptoms in boys in the sedentary group decreased more than other groups. Exercise provided benefits to QOL, depressive symptoms, and self-worth comparable to a sedentary program. Sedentary programs with games and artistic activities, interaction with adults and peers, and behavioral structure may be more beneficial to boys' mood than exercise. Some benefits of exercise in prior studies are probably attributable to program elements such as attention from adults.",
keywords = "Aerobic exercise, Anger, Black, Depressive symptoms, Obesity",
author = "Williams, {Celestine F.} and Bustamante, {Eduardo E.} and Waller, {Jennifer L} and Davis, {Catherine Lucy}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1093/tbm/ibz015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "451--459",
journal = "Translational Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "1869-6716",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exercise effects on quality of life, mood, and self-worth in overweight children

T2 - The SMART randomized controlled trial

AU - Williams, Celestine F.

AU - Bustamante, Eduardo E.

AU - Waller, Jennifer L

AU - Davis, Catherine Lucy

PY - 2019/5/16

Y1 - 2019/5/16

N2 - Overweight children are at risk for poor quality of life (QOL), depression, self-worth, and behavior problems. Exercise trials with children have shown improved mood and self-worth. Few studies utilized an attention control condition, QOL outcomes, or a follow-up evaluation after the intervention ends. The purpose is to test effects of an exercise program versus sedentary program on psychological factors in overweight children. One hundred seventy-five overweight children (87% black, 61% female, age 9.7 ± 0.9 years, 73% obese) were randomized to an 8 month aerobic exercise or sedentary after-school program. Depressive symptoms, anger expression, self-worth, and QOL were measured at baseline and post-Test. Depressive symptoms and QOL were also measured at follow-up. Intentto-treat mixed models evaluated intervention effects, including sex differences. At post-Test, QOL, depression, and self-worth improved; no group by time or sex by group by time interaction was detected for QOL or self-worth. Boys' depressive symptoms improved more and anger control decreased in the sedentary intervention relative to the exercise intervention at post-Test. At follow-up, depressive symptoms in boys in the sedentary group decreased more than other groups. Exercise provided benefits to QOL, depressive symptoms, and self-worth comparable to a sedentary program. Sedentary programs with games and artistic activities, interaction with adults and peers, and behavioral structure may be more beneficial to boys' mood than exercise. Some benefits of exercise in prior studies are probably attributable to program elements such as attention from adults.

AB - Overweight children are at risk for poor quality of life (QOL), depression, self-worth, and behavior problems. Exercise trials with children have shown improved mood and self-worth. Few studies utilized an attention control condition, QOL outcomes, or a follow-up evaluation after the intervention ends. The purpose is to test effects of an exercise program versus sedentary program on psychological factors in overweight children. One hundred seventy-five overweight children (87% black, 61% female, age 9.7 ± 0.9 years, 73% obese) were randomized to an 8 month aerobic exercise or sedentary after-school program. Depressive symptoms, anger expression, self-worth, and QOL were measured at baseline and post-Test. Depressive symptoms and QOL were also measured at follow-up. Intentto-treat mixed models evaluated intervention effects, including sex differences. At post-Test, QOL, depression, and self-worth improved; no group by time or sex by group by time interaction was detected for QOL or self-worth. Boys' depressive symptoms improved more and anger control decreased in the sedentary intervention relative to the exercise intervention at post-Test. At follow-up, depressive symptoms in boys in the sedentary group decreased more than other groups. Exercise provided benefits to QOL, depressive symptoms, and self-worth comparable to a sedentary program. Sedentary programs with games and artistic activities, interaction with adults and peers, and behavioral structure may be more beneficial to boys' mood than exercise. Some benefits of exercise in prior studies are probably attributable to program elements such as attention from adults.

KW - Aerobic exercise

KW - Anger

KW - Black

KW - Depressive symptoms

KW - Obesity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066833029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066833029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/tbm/ibz015

DO - 10.1093/tbm/ibz015

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 451

EP - 459

JO - Translational Behavioral Medicine

JF - Translational Behavioral Medicine

SN - 1869-6716

IS - 3

ER -