Background: Exosomes play an important role in intercellular signaling and exert regulatory function by carrying bioactive molecules. This study investigated (1) the cardioprotective capabilities of exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) overexpressing GATA-4 (MSCGATA-4) and (2) its underlying regulatory mechanisms for expression of target proteins in recipient cells. Methods and results: Exosomes were isolated and purified from MSCGATA-4 (ExoGATA-4) and control MSCs (ExoNull). Cell injury was investigated in primary cultured rat neonatal cardiomyocytes (CM) and in the rat heart. Exosomes contributed to increased CM survival, reduced CM apoptosis, and preserved mitochondrial membrane potential in CM cultured under a hypoxic environment. Direct intramyocardial transplantation of exosomes at the border of an ischemic region following ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery significantly restored cardiac contractile function and reduced infarct size. Real-time PCR revealed that several anti-apoptotic miRs were highly expressed in ExoGATA-4. Rapid internalization of ExoGATA-4 by CM was documented using time-lapse imaging. Subsequent expression of these miRs, particularly miR-19a was higher in CM and in the myocardium treated with ExoGATA-4 compared to those treatedwith ExoNull. The enhanced protective effects observed in CM were diminished by the inhibition of miR-19a. The expression level of PTEN, a predicted target of miR-19a, was reduced in CM treated with ExoGATA-4, which resulted in the activation of the Akt and ERK signaling pathways. Conclusions: ExoGATA-4 upon transplantation in the damaged tissue mediate protection by releasing multiple miRs responsible for activation of the cell survival signaling pathway.
- Bone marrow stem cells
- MiR transfer
- Target proteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine