Background: Results from our previous studies suggest that surgical induction of anterior disk displacement (ADD) in the rabbit craniomandibular joint (CMJ) leads to histopathological alterations consistent with osteoarthritis. In addition, molecular changes in collagens and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were observed using immunohistochemistry. The purpose of the present study was to further characterize those molecular changes in collagens and GAGs using immuno-electron microscopy. Methods: The right joint of 15 rabbits was exposed surgically and all discal attachments were cut except for the posterior attachment (the bilaminar zone). The disc was then repositioned anteriorly and sutured to the zygomatic arch. The left joint was used as a sham-operated control. Ten additional joints were used as nonoperated controls. Mandibular condyles were removed 2 weeks following surgery and processed for light and immuno-electron microscopy using colloidal gold-labeled antibodies against collagen type I, II, VI and IX and against keratan sulfate, chondroitin-4 and -6-sulfate, and link protein. Results: Light microscopic results showed osteoarthritic changes. Immuno-electron microscopy of osteoarthritic cartilage demonstrated a decline in type II collagen, the abnormal presence of type I collagen and loss of type VI and IX collagens. Quantitative colloidal gold immuno-electron microscopy confirmed the depletion of keratan sulfate, chondroitin-4 and -6-sulfate, and link protein in osteoarthritic cartilage. Conclusion: Anterior disk displacement leads to molecular alterations in both the collagen and the proteoglycans of rabbit condylar cartilage characteristic of osteoarthritis in other synovial joints. These alterations are consistent with loss of the shock absorber function of the cartilage and injury of the underlying bone.
- Anterior disk displacement
- Temporomandibular joint
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine